BACKGROUND/AIMS With technical and instrumental advances, the endoscopic removal of bezoars is now more common than conventional surgical removal. We investigated the clinical outcomes in a patient cohort with gastrointestinal bezoars removed using different treatment modalities. METHODS Between June 1989 and March 2012, 93 patients with gastrointestinal… (More)
The classical Tower of Hanoi puzzle, invented by the French mathemati-cianÉdourd Lucas in 1883, consists of 3 wooden pegs and n disks with pairwise different diameters. The n disks are initially stacked on a single peg in order of decreasing size, from the largest at the bottom to the smallest at the top. (See Figure 1.) The goal is to move the tower of… (More)
The presence of bacteria in urine can pose significant risks during pregnancy. However, there are few reference genome strains for many common urinary bacteria. We isolated 12 urinary strains of Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Citrobacter, Gardnerella, and Lactobacillus These strains and their genomes are now available to the research community.
The composition of the vaginal microbiota is an important health determinant. Several members of the phylum Actinobacteria have been implicated in bacterial vaginosis, a condition associated with many negative health outcomes. Here, we present 11 strains of vaginal Actinobacteria (now available through BEI Resources) along with draft genome sequences.
The vagina is home to a wide variety of bacteria that have great potential to impact human health. Here, we announce reference strains (now available through BEI Resources) and draft genome sequences for 9 Gram-negative vaginal isolates from the taxa Citrobacter, Klebsiella, Fusobacterium, Proteus, and Prevotella.
Research on vaginal infections is currently limited by a lack of available fully sequenced bacterial reference strains. Here, we present strains (now available through BEI Resources) and genome sequences for a set of 14 vaginal isolates from the phylum Firmicutes These genome sequences provide a valuable resource for future research in understanding the… (More)
In standard models of iterative thinking, there is a fixed rule hierarchy and every player chooses a fixed rule level. Nonequilibrium behavior emerges when some players do not perform enough thinking steps. Existing approaches however are inherently static. In this paper, we generalize models of iterative thinking to incorporate adaptive and sophisticated… (More)
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections occur predominantly in children, and are usually self-limiting. However, 75-95% of the infections in adults are symptomatic (mostly with jaundice), with the illness symptoms usually persisting for a few weeks. Atypical manifestations include relapsing hepatitis, prolonged cholestasis, and complications involving renal… (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We investigated the clinical outcomes according to the method of treatment in synchronous esophageal and gastric cancer. METHODS Synchronous esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and gastric adenocarcinoma were diagnosed in 79 patients between 1996 and 2010. We divided the patients into four groups according to treatment; Group 1 received… (More)
In standard models of iterative thinking, players choose a fixed rule level from a fixed rule hierarchy. Nonequilibrium behavior emerges when players do not perform enough thinking steps. Existing approaches, however , are inherently static. This paper introduces a Bayesian level-k model, in which players perform Bayesian updating of their beliefs on… (More)