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Serotonin receptors have been found in several reproductive organs as well as in the central nervous system. Serotonin-binding sites have been demonstrated in duck ovarian follicles and the testis, hamster ovaries, human granulosa cells and mouse placenta. Local production of serotonin by the rat ovary, oviduct, uterus and testis has also been reported. We(More)
The occurrence of enteroccoci in cattle dung water from the basins of 25 cattle farms of 15 northeastern Slovakia districts was screened as well as bacteriocin production among selective enterococcal isolates. The average total count of enterococci detected reached 5.0 x 10(3) cfu ml-1. Enterococcus faecium was the predominant species (25%) followed by Ent.(More)
Components of plant essential oils have been reported to have health benefit properties, including antioxidative, anti-tumour, antimicrobial, anti-stress, and immunomodulative activities. We examined the anti-inflammatory effects of thymoquinone, the active ingredient in the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds, and borneol, the active component of Salvia(More)
The occurrence of apoptosis in mouse preimplantation embryos was analyzed using DNA staining (Hoechst 33342, PI) for the visualization of nuclear changes and by the comet assay, a single-cell gel electrophoresis assay, modified for the analysis of blastocysts. Mouse preimplantation embryos isolated 56 h after superovulation were cultured in vitro for 64 h.(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been shown to promote mammalian early embryo development. Increased cell division or decreased cell death have been proposed as two main possible mechanisms in its effect. Here we examine the nature of this promoting effect in a model situation. Camptothecin (0.01 microg/ml) and actimomycin D (0.005 microg/ml) were(More)
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter functioning also as a hormone and growth factor. To further investigate the biological role of serotonin during embryo development, we analysed serotonin localization as well as the expression of specific serotonin 5-HT1D receptor mRNA in mouse oocytes and preimplantation embryos. The functional significance of serotonin(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates the role of endogenous catecholamines in mammalian embryogenesis. We searched public databases containing nucleotide sequences derived from mouse preimplantation cDNA libraries and found a partial sequence homology between a cDNA clone from mouse blastocysts and the mouse beta 2-adrenergic receptor sequence. No significant(More)
A bacteriocin-like activity produced by Enterococcus faecium BC25, isolated from the the rumen of a cow, was partially purified and characterized. The active substance was prepared by ammonium sulfate and chloroform/methanol precipitation of culture supernatant. The bacteriocin was a protein of molecular mass 17.5 kDa. Activity was inactivated by trypsin(More)
Enterocin CCM 4231 is a bacteriocin with a broad antimicrobial spectrum produced by the ruminal strain Enterococcus faecium CCM 4231. Its inhibitory effect towards enterococci, Ent. faecium EF 26/42, staphylococci, Streptococcus bovis AO 24/85 and Escherichia coli, as well as towards Listeria monocytogenes OHIO strain, in the rumen fluid environment was(More)
The effectiveness of enterocin CCM 4231 in controlling Listeria monocytogenes contamination in dry fermented Hornád salami was examined. Three independent salami treatments were conducted under pilot plant and laboratory conditions. Salamis were produced according to standard technological parameters and stages with ripening for 3 weeks. The reference(More)