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The hairpin ribozyme catalyzes sequence-specific cleavage of RNA through transesterification of the scissile phosphate. Vanadate has previously been used as a transition state mimic of protein enzymes that catalyze the same reaction. Comparison of the 2.2 angstrom resolution structure of a vanadate-hairpin ribozyme complex with structures of precursor and(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and density functional theory methods were used to study the structure of a single, high-affinity Mn(II) binding site in the hammerhead ribozyme. This binding site exhibits a dissociation constant Ke of 4.4 microM in buffer solutions containing 1 M NaCl, as shown by titrations monitored by continuous wave (cw)(More)
We have performed solid-state 31P-19F REDOR nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments to monitor changes in minor groove width of the oligonucleotide d(CGCAAA2'FUTGGC)*d(GCCAAT(pS)TT GCG) (A3T2) upon binding of the drug distamycin A at different stoichiometries. In the hydrated solid-state sample, the minor groove width for the unbound DNA, measured as(More)
A rapid increase in RNA structural studies has been seen in the past few years, in part due to the interest in the multitude of cellular functions performed by RNA. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy is a useful technique for studying biopolymer structure under physiologically relevant conditions. We present herein the use of pulsed electron(More)
In site-directed spin-labeling (SDSL), a stable nitroxide radical is attached to a specific location within a macromolecule and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy is used to interrogate the local environment surrounding the nitroxide. The SDSL strategy enables probing site-specific structural and dynamic features of RNA in solution without(More)
A protocol is described for the incorporation of nitroxide spin-labels into specific 2'-sites within nucleic acids. This labeling strategy facilitates the investigation of nucleic acid structure and dynamics using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and macromolecular complex formation using paramagnetic relaxation enhancement NMR(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was utilized to investigate the correlation between RNA structure and RNA internal dynamics in complexes of HIV-1 TAR RNA with small molecules. TAR RNAs containing single nitroxide spin-labels in the 2'-position of U23, U25, U38, or U40 were incubated with compounds known to inhibit TAR-Tat complex(More)
The spin-labeled nucleoside (T)C, containing 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) conjugated to the exocyclic amino group of C, was used to detect single-base mismatches in duplex DNA for the first time by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Furthermore, the EPR spectra of the fully base-paired duplex ((T)C.G) and the mismatches(More)