Snehalata A. Pawar

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The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta (C/EBPδ, CEBPD) is a tumor suppressor that is downregulated during breast cancer progression but may also promote metastasis. Here, we have investigated the mechanism(s) regulating C/EBPδ expression and its role in human breast cancer cells. We describe a novel pathway by which the tyrosine(More)
AIMS The free radical scavenger and nitric oxide synthase cofactor, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), plays a well-documented role in many disorders associated with oxidative stress, including normal tissue radiation responses. Radiation exposure is associated with decreased BH4 levels, while BH4 supplementation attenuates aspects of radiation toxicity.(More)
Tissue damage induced by ionizing radiation in the hematopoietic and gastrointestinal systems is the major cause of lethality in radiological emergency scenarios and underlies some deleterious side effects in patients undergoing radiation therapy. The identification of target-specific interventions that confer radiomitigating activity is an unmet challenge.(More)
The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta (C/EBPdelta, CEBPD, NFIL-6beta) has tumor suppressor function; however, the molecular mechanism(s) by which C/EBPdelta exerts its effect are largely unknown. Here, we report that C/EBPdelta induces expression of the Cdc27 (APC3) subunit of the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), which(More)
AUTHOR CONTRIBUTION H. Geiger, designed and performed experiments, wrote the paper S.A. Pawar, collected, analyzed, and summarized data E.J. Kerschen, performed experiments K. Nattamai, performed experiments, wrote parts of the paper I. Hernandez, performed experiments H.P. Liang, performed experiments J. A. Fernandez, provided reagents and advised on(More)
Knowledge of the mechanisms involved in the radiation response is critical for developing interventions to mitigate radiation-induced injury to normal tissues. Exposure to radiation leads to increased oxidative stress, DNA-damage, genomic instability and inflammation. The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta (Cebpd; C/EBPδ is implicated(More)
Exposure of cells to ionizing radiation (IR) generates reactive oxygen species (ROS). This results in increased oxidative stress and DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) which are the two underlying mechanisms by which IR causes cell/tissue injury. Cells that are deficient or impaired in the cellular antioxidant response are susceptible to IR-induced apoptosis.(More)
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