Smitha Kizhake

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Breast cancer gene 1 carboxy terminus (BRCT) domains are found in a number of proteins that are important for DNA damage response (DDR). The BRCT domains bind phosphorylated proteins and these protein-protein interactions are essential for DDR and DNA repair. High affinity domain specific inhibitors are needed to facilitate the dissection of the(More)
Carboxy terminal BRCT domains of the breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) bind to phosphorylated proteins through a pSXXF consensus recognition motif. We report a systematic structure-activity relationship study that maps the BRCT(BRCA1)-pSXXF binding interface, leading to identification of peptides with nanomolar binding affinities comparable to(More)
The C-terminal domain of BRCA1(BRCT) is involved in the DNA repair pathway by recognizing the pSXXF motif in interacting proteins. It has been reported that short peptides containing this motif bind to BRCA1(BRCT) in the micromolar range with high specificity. In this work, the binding of pSXXF peptides has been studied computationally and experimentally in(More)
Solving the crystal structure of Cbl(TKB) in complex with a pentapeptide, pYTPEP, revealed that the PEP region adopted a poly-L-proline type II (PPII) helix. An unnatural amino acid termed a proline-templated glutamic acid (ptE) that constrained both the backbone and sidechain to the bound conformation was synthesized and incorporated into the pYTPXP(More)
We describe truncation and SAR studies to identify a pentapeptide that binds Cbl tyrosine kinase binding domain with a higher affinity than the parental peptide. The pentapeptide has an alternative binding mode that allows occupancy of a previously uncharacterized groove. A peptide library was used to map the binding site and define the interface landscape.(More)
BRCT(BRCA1) plays a major role in DNA repair pathway, and does so by recognizing the conserved sequence pSXXF in its target proteins. Remarkably, tetrapeptides containing pSXXF motif bind with high specificity and micromolar affinity. Here, we have characterized the binding interactions of pSXXF tetrapeptides using NMR spectroscopy and calorimetry. We show(More)
Design, synthesis, and evaluation of α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone analogues and their evaluation as anticancer agents is described. SAR identified a spirocyclic analogue 19 that inhibited TNFα-induced NF-κB activity, cancer cell growth and tumor growth in an ovarian cancer model. A second iteration of synthesis and screening identified 29 which inhibited(More)
Inhibition of the protein-protein interaction (PPI) mediated by breast-cancer-gene 1 C-terminal (BRCT) is an attractive strategy to sensitize breast and ovarian cancers to chemotherapeutic agents that induce DNA damage. Such inhibitors could also be used for studies to understand the role of this PPI in DNA damage response. However, design of BRCT(More)
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