Smita Upadhyay

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The bacteriology of sinusitis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has been only sporadically reported. In this study, we report the results of cultures taken from 12 HIV patients with refractory chronic sinusitis who underwent surgery. Nine of the 12 patients had positive cultures with 16 isolates and 5 patients having multiple isolates.(More)
Cytomegalovirus is a common pathogen in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. In this article, cytomegalovirus sinusitis is described and documented for the first time, to our knowledge. Cytomegalovirus was cultured from the sinuses of four patients who were positive for the human immunodeficiency virus and who had antibiotic-resistant(More)
BACKGROUND Local recurrence, and regional and distant metastases, respectively, develop in 30% and 15% of patients with esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB). METHODS This case report includes 3 patients with unusual recurrences of ENB in the sinonasal tract. RESULTS Patient 1 developed ENB in the bilateral maxillary sinuses after unilateral endoscopic resection(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of PET CT for staging in cancer patients and the widespread use of MRI led to an increased incidence of incidental sellar mass detection. The imaging findings can be suggestive of a benign pituitary tumor but metastasis can never be completely ruled out with non-invasive work-up. Appropriate diagnosis of these sellar masses is critical as(More)
Objective Access to the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae presents a significant surgical challenge, owing to their deep-seated location and complex neurovascular anatomy. This study elucidates the benefits of incremental medial maxillectomies to access this region. We compared access to the medial aspect of the infratemporal fossa provided by medial(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Others have reported olfactory disturbances following endoscopic approaches to the skull base. However, there is a lack of consensus on the extent and duration of dysfunction. This study aimed to compare our results with previously published work and to validate the olfactory strip-sparing approach. STUDY DESIGN Prospective study to(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomical variations of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in relation to the quadrangular space (QS) and to propose a classification system based on the results. METHODS A total of 44 human cadaveric specimens were dissected endonasally under direct endoscopic visualization. During the dissection, the(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Access to the frontal sinuses is technically challenging owing to their anterosuperior location, diverse anatomy, close proximity to critical structures and the need to work in a relatively narrow space with angled-lens endoscopes and instruments. This study attempts to study the relationship of the first olfactory fiber with the(More)
BACKGROUND The quadrangular space permits an anterior entry into Meckel's cave while obviating the need for cerebral or cranial nerve retraction. This avenue is intimately associated with the cavernous sinus; thus, from this ventral perspective, it is feasible to visualize the anteromedial, anterolateral, and Parkinson triangles. METHODS Twenty middle(More)
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