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Strain DVS 5a1 was isolated from a moraine sample from the McMurdo Dry Valleys region of Antarctica. The strain is aerobic, Gram-positive, with white aerial mycelia and brown substrate mycelia, sporulating, has meso-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose and galactose in the cell wall, MK-8 (H4) as the major menaquinone and a mol% G+C content of DNA of 71% thus(More)
Strain Con a/3(T) is a Gram-positive, motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped and arsenic-resistant bacterium, which was isolated from a concretion of arsenic ore obtained from a bore-hole. The bacterium grew in the presence of 20 mM arsenate and 0.5 mM arsenite. Diaminopimelic acid was present in the cell wall peptidoglycan, MK-7 was the major menaquinone,(More)
A psychrophilic bacterium, Pseudomonas syringae (Lz4W) from Antarctica, was used as a model system to establish a correlation, if any, between thermal adaptation, trans-fatty acid content and membrane fluidity. In addition, attempts were made to clone and sequence the cti gene of P. syringae (Lz4W) so as to establish its characteristics with respect to the(More)
An orange pigmented bacterium, S1, was isolated from a cyanobacterial mat sample collected in the vicinity of Schirmacher Oasis, Maitri, the Indian station, in Antarctica. The bacterium is Gram-positive and possesses all the characteristics of the genus Planococcus. It is non-sporulating, motile and has A4alpha type peptidoglycan, MK-7 and MK-8 as the major(More)
Transposon mutagenesis of Pseudomonas syringae Lz4W, a psychrophilic bacterium capable of growing at temperatures between 2 and 30 degrees C, yielded 30 cold-sensitive mutants, and CSM1, one of these cold-sensitive mutants, was characterized. Growth of CSM1 was retarded when it was cultured at 4 degrees C but not when it was cultured at 22 degrees C and 28(More)
CSM2, a cold-sensitive mutant of psychrophilic Pseudomonas syringae, grows like wild-type cells when cultured at 22 and 28°C; but at 4°C, the growth is retarded. In CSM2, AAT (coding for aspartate aminotransferase) is identified as the mutated gene. The expression of AAT in Pseudomonas syringae was transiently enhanced when cells were shifted from 22 to 4°C(More)
An anaerobic, proteolytic bacterium isolated from lake sediments of Leh, India, was characterized with respect to morphology, biochemical characteristics, and 16S rRNA sequence and was identified as Clostridium species, with closest similarity to Clostridium subterminale. Isolate LP3 was psychrophilic, forming maximum cell mass between 10 and 20 degrees C,(More)
A novel obligately anaerobic, proteolytic bacterium, designated AP15T, was isolated from lake sediments of Schirmacher Oasis, Antarctica. The bacterium produced maximum cell mass between 5 and 10 degrees C in an anaerobic basal medium containing 0.5 % tryptone and peptone. The strain grew optimally at a pH around 8.0 and tolerated NaCl up to a concentration(More)
Decreased susceptibility of Neisseria meningitidis isolates to ciprofloxacin emerged from an outbreak in Delhi, India. Results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the meningococcal isolates to ciprofloxacin and further sequencing of DNA gyrase A quinolone-resistance-determining region confirmed the emergence of ciprofloxacin resistance in the(More)
Vancomycin has been the drug of choice for 30 years for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Emergence of decreased vancomycin susceptibility in MRSA strains presents a significant clinical problem with few therapeutic options. This study was performed to generate and characterise S. aureus strains with reduced susceptibility(More)