The copper content of recombinant CotA laccase from Bacillus subtilis produced by Escherichia coli cells is shown to be strongly dependent on the presence of copper and oxygen in the culture media. In copper-supplemented media, a switch from aerobic to microaerobic conditions leads to the synthesis of a recombinant holoenzyme, while the maintenance of… (More)
In the present study the CotA laccase from Bacillus subtilis has been mutated at two hydrophobic residues in the vicinity of the type 1 copper site. The mutation of Leu(386) to an alanine residue appears to cause only very subtle alterations in the properties of the enzyme indicating minimal changes in the structure of the copper centres. However, the… (More)
Several studies have revealed a role for neurotrophins in anesthesia-induced neurotoxicity in the developing brain. In this study we monitored the spatial and temporal expression of neurotrophic signaling molecules in the brain of 14-day-old (PND14) Wistar rats after the application of a single propofol dose (25 mg/kg i.p). The structures of interest were… (More)
Surface enhanced vibrational spectro-electrochemistry of endonuclease III provides direct evidence that the [4Fe-4S] cluster is responsible for the enzyme redox activity, and that this process is not exclusively DNA-mediated, as currently proposed. We report the first surface enhanced resonance Raman spectrum of a [4Fe-4S](2+) cluster containing enzyme.
In this work, we report that flavohemoglobin contributes to the azole susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus. We first observed that deletion of the flavohemoglobin gene leads to an increase in the viability of imidazole-treated S. aureus cells and that reversion to the wild-type phenotype occurs upon expression of flavohemoglobin from a multicopy plasmid.… (More)
The multicopper oxidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum (McoP) was overproduced in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The enzyme consists of a single 49.6 kDa subunit, and the combined results of UV-visible, CD, EPR and resonance Raman spectroscopies showed the characteristic features of the multicopper oxidases.… (More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a widespread cause of death and a major source of adult disability. Subsequent pathological events occurring in the brain after TBI, referred to as secondary injury, continue to damage surrounding tissue resulting in substantial neuronal loss. One of the hallmarks of the secondary injury process is microglial activation… (More)
We report herein the vibrational spectroscopic characterisation of a catalytic intermediate formed by the reaction of H2O2 with DyP-type peroxidase immobilised on a biocompatible coated metal support. The SERR spectroscopic approach is of general applicability to other peroxidases which form relatively stable catalytic intermediates.
Cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductases (cd1NiRs) catalyze the one-electron reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide. Due to their catalytic reaction, cd1NiRs are regarded as promising components for biosensing, bioremediation and biotechnological applications. Motivated by earlier findings that catalytic activity of cd1NiR from Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus… (More)
Molybdenum is found in the active site of enzymes usually coordinated by one or two pyranopterin molecules. Here, we mimic an enzyme with a mononuclear molybdenum-bis pyranopterin center by incorporating molybdenum in rubredoxin. In the molybdenum-substituted rubredoxin, the metal ion is coordinated by four sulfurs from conserved cysteine residues of the… (More)