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The copper content of recombinant CotA laccase from Bacillus subtilis produced by Escherichia coli cells is shown to be strongly dependent on the presence of copper and oxygen in the culture media. In copper-supplemented media, a switch from aerobic to microaerobic conditions leads to the synthesis of a recombinant holoenzyme, while the maintenance of(More)
In the present study the CotA laccase from Bacillus subtilis has been mutated at two hydrophobic residues in the vicinity of the type 1 copper site. The mutation of Leu(386) to an alanine residue appears to cause only very subtle alterations in the properties of the enzyme indicating minimal changes in the structure of the copper centres. However, the(More)
A novel cytochrome ba complex was isolated from aerobically grown cells of the thermoacidophilic archaeon Acidianus ambivalens. The complex was purified with two subunits, which are encoded by the cbsA and soxN genes. These genes are part of the pentacistronic cbsAB-soxLN-odsN locus. The spectroscopic characterization revealed the presence of three low-spin(More)
The multicopper oxidases couple the one-electron oxidation of four substrate molecules to the four electron reductive cleavage of the O-O bond of dioxygen. This reduction takes place at the trinuclear copper centre of the enzyme and the dioxygen approaches this centre through an entrance channel. In this channel, an acidic residue plays a key role in(More)
Several studies have revealed a role for neurotrophins in anesthesia-induced neurotoxicity in the developing brain. In this study we monitored the spatial and temporal expression of neurotrophic signaling molecules in the brain of 14-day-old (PND14) Wistar rats after the application of a single propofol dose (25 mg/kg i.p). The structures of interest were(More)
Spectroscopic data of dye decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) from Bacillus subtilis (BsDyP), an A subfamily member, and Pseudomonas putida (PpDyP), a B subfamily enzyme, reveal distinct heme coordination patterns of the respective active sites. In solution, both enzymes show a heterogeneous spin population, with the six-coordinated low-spin state being the(More)
The multicopper oxidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum (McoP) was overproduced in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The enzyme consists of a single 49.6 kDa subunit, and the combined results of UV-visible, CD, EPR and resonance Raman spectroscopies showed the characteristic features of the multicopper oxidases.(More)
The aa3 type B oxygen reductase from the thermophilic archaeon Acidianus ambivalens (QO) was immobilized on silver electrodes and studied by potential-dependent surface-enhanced resonance Raman (SERR) spectroscopy. The immobilized enzyme retains the native structure at the level of the heme pockets and exhibits reversible electrochemistry. From the(More)
Cytochrome P450 (P450) from Pseudomonas putida was immobilized on Ag electrodes coated with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) via electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions as well as by covalent cross-linking. The redox and conformational equilibria of the immobilized protein were studied by potential-dependent surface-enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy.(More)
In this work, we report that flavohemoglobin contributes to the azole susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus. We first observed that deletion of the flavohemoglobin gene leads to an increase in the viability of imidazole-treated S. aureus cells and that reversion to the wild-type phenotype occurs upon expression of flavohemoglobin from a multicopy plasmid.(More)