Slawomir Kubacki

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A review of the literature published prior to July 1991 covers the occurrence and formation of non-volatile N-nitrosamines occurring in foods and beverages. The presence of identified volatile and non-volatile N-nitrosamines accounts for less than 10% of the total apparent N-nitrosamine concentration. N-Nitrosoproline and N-nitrosothiazolidine-4-carboxylic(More)
A survey of Polish malt and beer for volatile N-nitrosamines has been conducted. N-Nitrosodimethylamine was found in malt at levels ranging from 0.2 to 3.6 micrograms/kg (average 1.5 micrograms/kg) and in beer at levels up to 0.3 microgram/kg (average 0.2 micrograms/kg). The use of indirect malt dryers is credited with the low levels of N-nitrosamines found.
An attempt has been made to briefly review methods available for the determination of total N-nitroso compounds, N-nitrosamides, N-nitrosamino acids, and miscellaneous other nonvolatile N-nitroso compounds in foods and beverages, giving special emphasis to the progress made during the past five years. It appears that a wide variety of acceptable methods are(More)
A k-ω based hybrid RANS/LES (Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes/ Large Eddy Simulation) model is tested for simulation of plane impinging jets at various nozzle-plate distances (H/B, where H is the distance and B is the slot width) and various Reynolds numbers (based on the slot width and the velocity in the symmetry plane). The studied combinations are H/B=2(More)
The paper shows the results of the convective heat transfer prediction in turbulent axisymmetric jets impinging onto a flat plate using the newest version (2006) of the k-ω turbulence model of Wilcox [1]. Improvements to the heat transfer predictions are obtained in the strongly strained flow regions with the impingement invariant proposed by Manceau [2](More)
An attempt has been made to develop conditions for the analysis of some N-nitrosamino acids and N-nitrosodipeptides N-thermal in proline by means of high performance liquid chromatography with thermal energy detector (HPLC-TEA). Two HPLC columns have been tested; cyano and amine chemically bonded columns. Although both of them give positive results baseline(More)