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OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a healthy elderly Croatian population. DESIGN Cross-sectional study consisting of a health check including anthropometric measures and food questionnaires as well as analysis of biochemical parameters related to MetS. The diagnostic criteria of the International(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether concentrations of several trace elements and activities of several antioxidant enzymes are modified in metabolic syndrome, and to evaluate their possible association with metabolic syndrome components. Additionally, concentration of CRP, as a marker of inflammation, was measured. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and possible association of inherited prothrombotic risk factors in children with stroke, transient ischemic attack, or migraine. METHODS We performed genotypic analysis for factor V G1691A, factor II G20210A, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T, and 4 common platelet glycoprotein(More)
Selenium is a trace element, essential in small amounts, but it can be toxic in larger amounts. Levels in the body are mainly dependent on the amount of selenium in the diet, which is a function of the selenium content of the soil. Humans and animals require selenium for normal functioning of more than about 30 known selenoproteins, of which approximately(More)
BACKGROUND Magnesium (Mg) is involved in numerous physiological functions, including protein folding, intracellular signalling and enzyme catalysis. It acts as a smooth muscle relaxant. We decided to test changes of total Mg concentration in plasma, leukocytes and urine of 16 healthy children and 26 patients with intermittent asthma aged 3 to 14 years. (More)
BACKGROUND We undertook this study to test the possible correlation between serum concentration of total and specific IgE antibodies and asthma severity in asthmatic children sensitized to the house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. METHODS The study included 157 asthmatic children aged 5-15 years (8 +/- 3 years). Clinical diagnosis was based on(More)
Maintenance of iron homeostasis is of utmost importance for the respiratory system physiology and pathophysiology. Local iron deficiency or accumulation may result in particular respiratory function impairment. The aim of the present study was to find out whether iron and ferritin could be determined in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of healthy children(More)
BACKGROUND There are limited data available on interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) performance in children up to 5 years of age, with documented exposure to active tuberculosis (TB). The aim of this study was to evaluate (1) the influence of infectivity of adult source cases on test results, (2) the impact of age, and (3) the level of agreement, between IGRA(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-IT) assay is a highly sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection. Data on the use of QFT-IT assay in children are scarce and contradictory. The aim of the study was to assess the rate of indeterminate test results and to identify factors contributing to indeterminate(More)
The immotile cilia syndrome is a genetic disease characterized by chronic disease of the upper and lower respiratory tract, male infertility and situs viscerum inversus in 50% of affected patients. Abnormalities of ciliary structure are the cause of abnormalities in mucociliary clearance and chronic inflammation consecutively. The boy aged 13 years with(More)