Slava Gerovitch

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Pamela J. Hinds and Sara Kiesler (eds.), Distributed Work, MIT Press, 2002, ISBN 0-262-08305-1, 495 pp., $52.00. Patterns of work have changed radically in the past few decades. Within organizations, more collaboration across hierarchies exist, and the home has, once again, become a common site of regular paid work. Networks of collaboration have been spun(More)
In May 1913 a young British psychologist named Frederic Bartlett participated in a series of experiments on visual perception in the newly opened Laboratory of Experimental Psychology at Cambridge University. “I was fascinated,” he wrote, “by the variety of interpretations which different people then achieved, all of which they said they ‘saw,’ of the same(More)
The postwar period is often viewed as the “Golden Age” of Soviet mathematics, yet the mathematical community in that period faced serious constraints. Restrictions on foreign travel, limited access to foreign literature, obsessive secrecy regulations, an obsolete university curriculum, the declining level of the faculty, discriminatory policies in(More)
Soviet propaganda often used the Soviet space program as a symbol of a much larger and more ambitious political/engineering project—the construction of communism. Both projects involved the construction of a new self, and the cosmonaut was often regarded as a model for the “new Soviet man.” The Soviet cosmonauts publicly represented a communist ideal, an(More)
This article reinterprets the debate between orthodox followers of the Pavlovian reflex theory and Soviet "cybernetic physiologists" in the 1950s and 60s as a clash of opposing man-machine metaphors. While both sides accused each other of "mechanistic," reductionist methodology, they did not see anything "mechanistic" about their own central metaphors: the(More)
This article explores the impact of the professional culture of rocket engineering in Stalin’s Soviet Union on the engineering and organizational practices of the space program during the Khrushchev era. The Stalinist legacy and the dual military / civilian character of rocket engineers’ work profoundly affected the identity of this elite part of Soviet(More)
Slava Gerovitch’s fascinating book extends over a variety of themes—the emergence of the science of cybernetics in the West and in the USSR, the development of Soviet computers, the language used in Soviet ideological and scientiac debates, and the nature of academic controversies in biology, linguistics, physiology, economics, philosophy, and other aelds.(More)
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