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The correct patterning of vertebrate skeletal elements is controlled by inductive interactions. Two vertebrate hedgehog proteins, Sonic hedgehog and Indian hedgehog, have been implicated in skeletal development. During somite differentiation and limb development, Sonic hedgehog functions as an inductive signal from the notochord, floor plate and zone of(More)
The gene associated with cystic fibrosis (CF) encodes a membrane-associated, N-linked glycoprotein called CFTR. Mutations were introduced into CFTR at residues known to be altered in CF chromosomes and in residues believed to play a role in its function. Examination of the various mutant proteins in COS-7 cells indicated that mature, fully glycosylated CFTR(More)
One feature of the mutations thus far found to be associated with the disease cystic fibrosis (CF) is that many of them are clustered within the first nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). We sought to discover the molecular basis for this clustering by introducing into the two NBDs of CFTR mutations either(More)
BACKGROUND Correlation of risk factors with genomic data promises to provide specific treatment for individual patients, and needs interpretation of complex, multivariate patterns in gene expression data, as well as assessment of their ability to improve clinical predictions. We aimed to predict nodal metastatic states and relapse for breast cancer(More)
CFTR, the protein associated with cystic fibrosis, is phosphorylated on serine residues in response to cAMP agonists. Serines 660, 737, 795, and 813 were identified as in vivo targets for phosphorylation by protein kinase A. The SPQ fluorescence assay revealed that mutagenesis of any one of these sites did not affect Cl- channel activity. Indeed,(More)
We describe a comprehensive modeling approach to combining genomic and clinical data for personalized prediction in disease outcome studies. This integrated clinicogenomic modeling framework is based on statistical classification tree models that evaluate the contributions of multiple forms of data, both clinical and genomic, to define interactions of(More)
The objective of this study was to examine multiple risk factors and correlated malignant neoplasms of blackfoot disease (BFD), a unique peripheral vascular disease related to continuous exposure to high-arsenic artesian well water. A total of 241 BFD cases, including 169 with spontaneous or surgical amputations of affected extremities, and 759(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) was expressed in cultured cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells and Cl- channel activation assessed in single cells using a fluorescence microscopic assay and the patch-clamp technique. Expression of CFTR, but not of a mutant form of CFTR (delta F508), corrected the Cl- channel defect.(More)
We use both large and small animal models in our pre-clinical evaluation of gene transfer agents (GTAs) for cystic fibrosis (CF) gene therapy. Here, we report the use of a large animal model to assess three non-viral GTAs: 25 kDa-branched polyethyleneimine (PEI), the cationic liposome (GL67A) and compacted DNA nanoparticle formulated with polyethylene(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to demonstrate long-term survival of nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with concomitant chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CCRT) followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS AND PATIENTS One hundred and seven patients with Stage III and IV (American Joint Committee on Cancer, AJCC, 1988) nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) were(More)