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Spurred by the classic work of Dunning, MNE location has become the focus of a growing body of research in the field. In this paper we argue that international business (IB) research examining the spatial dimension has serious weaknesses, stemming from its traditional assumption of the country as the location unit of analysis. While border-crossing remains(More)
How far do they reach? The localization of industrial and academic knowledge spillovers in the Netherlands Abstract R&D is good for economic growth. There is now compelling evidence that R&D is in particular good for local economic growth, since knowledge spillovers tend to be bounded by distance. But how local is local? This paper studies the role of(More)
Economic development is linked with systematic changes in basic values, but cultural change is path dependent. This is known as Inglehart's thesis. In this paper we build on his thesis and try to explain value differences across European regions. This is relevant as it fits in the ongoing discussion of a 'Europe of the regions'. We find confirmation of(More)
We investigate how national cultural distance, defined as the extent to which the shared values and norms in one country differ from those in another, affect the number of Web site visits. Based on a sample of 2,654 U.S. households visiting Web sites in 38 countries over 25 different Web site categories, we find that cultural distance has a negative and(More)
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