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This study investigates therapeutic efficacy of photothermal therapy (PTT) in an orthotropic xenograft model of bone metastasis of breast cancer. The near-infrared (NIR) irradiation on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWNTs) resulted in a rapid heat generation which increased with the MWNTs concentration up to 100 μg/ml. MWNTs alone exhibited no toxicity, but(More)
BACKGROUND CC-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7), which plays an important role in cell directional movement, is highly expressed in various cancers and positively related to lymph node metastasis. The inflammatory cytokine tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α promotes tumour progression and lymph node metastasis in gallbladder cancer (GBC). However, the expression of(More)
Topological insulators (TIs) are a new quantum state of matter. Their surfaces and interfaces act as a topological boundary to generate massless Dirac fermions with spin-helical textures. Investigation of fermion dynamics near the Dirac point (DP) is crucial for the future development of spintronic devices incorporating topological insulators. However,(More)
Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) have been shown to participate in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the effect of AOPPs accumulation on catabolic effect in human chondrocyte and the underlying mechanism(s) remain unclear. The present study demonstrated that AOPPs inhibited cell viability and glycosaminoglycan (GAG)(More)
patients with PARP-1 over-expression and characterized the apoptosis mechanisms underlying the redox condition. Many of the figure panels in the paper summarize data from multiple experiments. The authors have now detected a number of errors in these panels. The authors believe that the most responsible course of action is to retract our paper. The authors(More)
Advanced oxidation production products (AOPPs) have been confirmed to accumulate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous study demonstrated that AOPPs could accelerate cartilage destruction in rabbit arthritis model. However, the effect of AOPP stimulation on apoptosis of human chondrocyte and the underlying mechanisms remains unclear. This(More)
Oxidative stress is a possible pathogenesis of hyperalgesia. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs), a new family of oxidized protein compounds, have been considered as a novel marker of oxidative stress. However, the role of AOPPs in the mechanism of hyperalgesia remains unknown. Our study aims to investigate whether AOPPs have an effect on(More)
Several studies have produced contradictory findings about the prognostic implications for inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) in different types of cancer. Cellular inhibitor of apoptosis 2 (cIAP2/BIRC) is one of the most extensively characterized human IAP. To date, no studies have focused on the expression level of cIAP2 in human gallbladder cancer(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effect of AOPPs on apoptosis in human chondrocytes. Chondrocytes were treated with AOPPs. Cell death, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and the expression of apoptotic proteins were detected in vitro. AOPPs levels were detected by colorimetric(More)