—Packet-switching characteristics are optimized across an integrated 4 4 optical crosspoint switch matrix consisting of active vertical-coupler-based switch cells. Optical gain difference between the shortest and the longest paths less than 3 dB is demonstrated. Bit error rate (BER) and power penalty measurements during packet routing have also been carried… (More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance (IR) plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The mechanism of IR may be associated with inflammation, whereas the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a new indicator of subclinical inflammation. Scholars have rarely investigated the relationship between IR and NLR. This study aims to evaluate… (More)
1.1 Introduction Compact photonic components are important for the design and fabrication of integrated optical devices and circuits. In the case of light sources, reducing the size can result in improved metrics such as higher packing density and reduced power consumption and also may enhance cavity–emitter interactions such as the Purcell effect. Until… (More)
Packet-switching characteristics are optimized across an integrated 4 x 4 optical cross-point switch matrix based on active vertical coupler switch cells. Optical gain is demonstrated across the entire matrix with a <3-dB difference between the shortest and longest switching paths.
—Packet-switching characteristics of an integrated 4 4 InGaAsP–InP active vertical coupler optical cross-point switch matrix are optimized. Optical gain differences of less then 3 dB between the shortest and longest switching paths are achieved. Bit-error rate (BER) and power penalty measurements during packet routing have been carried out over the entire 4… (More)