Siyuan Yu

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Quantum technologies based on photons will likely require an integrated optics architecture for improved performance, miniaturization, and scalability. We demonstrate high-fidelity silica-on-silicon integrated optical realizations of key quantum photonic circuits, including two-photon quantum interference with a visibility of 94.8 +/- 0.5%; a controlled-NOT(More)
Emerging applications based on optical beams carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) will probably require photonic integrated devices and circuits for miniaturization, improved performance, and enhanced functionality. We demonstrate silicon-integrated optical vortex emitters, using angular gratings to extract light confined in whispering gallery modes with(More)
—Packet-switching characteristics are optimized across an integrated 4 4 optical crosspoint switch matrix consisting of active vertical-coupler-based switch cells. Optical gain difference between the shortest and the longest paths less than 3 dB is demonstrated. Bit error rate (BER) and power penalty measurements during packet routing have also been carried(More)
This paper discusses the paraxial vortex beams (Laguerre-Gaussian modes) incident on a homogeneous, isotropic and lossless dielectric plane. Using Fourier transform, vortex beams are decomposed into plane waves and then multiplied by the Fresnel coefficients. The reflected or transmitted vortex beams can be obtained via inverse Fourier transformation. The(More)
This paper demonstrates all-optical digital logic gates using bistable monolithic semiconductor ring lasers (SRLs). With the flexible multi-functional experimental setup, we have experimentally demonstrated the application of SRLs to realize logic functions including: AND, OR, NOR, XOR and all-optical non-return-to-zero (NRZ) to return-to-zero (RZ) format(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance (IR) plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The mechanism of IR may be associated with inflammation, whereas the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a new indicator of subclinical inflammation. Scholars have rarely investigated the relationship between IR and NLR. This study aims to evaluate(More)
—Optical injection locking and cavity enhanced four-wave mixing in semiconductor ring lasers have been used to generate data modulated millimeter (mm)-wave optical signals. The scheme is shown to have multigigahertz (multi-GHz) modulation bandwidth. The 4-Gb/s data is transferred directly from an intensity modulated optical signal onto an mm-wave optical(More)
—Packet-switching characteristics of an integrated 4 4 InGaAsP–InP active vertical coupler optical cross-point switch matrix are optimized. Optical gain differences of less then 3 dB between the shortest and longest switching paths are achieved. Bit-error rate (BER) and power penalty measurements during packet routing have been carried out over the entire 4(More)
For the first time, we put forward an orbital angular momentum (OAM) divider based on coordinate transformation. The device can convert the OAM light into multiple diffracted light. The OAM of zeroth-order diffracted light is the product of the input OAM and the scaling parameter. We also extend the scheme to realize equal N-dividing of OAM. The ability of(More)