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PURPOSE We attempted to reproduce published studies that evaluated whether the following factors influence choroidal neovascularization (CNV) induced by laser photocoagulation in murine retinas: small interfering RNA (siRNA), cobra venom factor, complement factors C3 and C5, and complement receptor C5aR. In addition, we explored whether laser-induced CNV in(More)
Monoclonal immunoglobulins and free immunoglobulin light chains are produced by plasma cells as a result of their clonal expansion in plasma cell dyscrasia. These proteins are pivotal in the development of pathologic and clinical symptoms of plasma cell dyscrasia and renal manifestations are frequently the presenting and leading features of this process.(More)
Protein drugs that neutralize vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), such as aflibercept or ranibizumab, rescue vision in patients with retinal vascular diseases. Nonetheless, optimal visual outcomes require intraocular injections as frequently as every month. Here we report a method to extend the intravitreal half-life of protein drugs as an(More)
The benefit of intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy in treating wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is well established. Identification of VEGFR-2 inhibitors with optimal ADME properties for an ocular indication provides opportunities for dosing routes beyond intravitreal injection. We employed a high-throughput in vivo screening strategy with rodent(More)
Proteins that are post-translationally adducted with 2-(ω-carboxyethyl)pyrrole (CEP) have been proposed to play a pathogenic role in age-related macular degeneration, by inducing angiogenesis in a Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2)-dependent manner. We have investigated the involvement of CEP adducts in angiogenesis and TLR activation, to assess the therapeutic(More)
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