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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) appears to be an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiac disease. We investigated whether a synthetic triterpenoid derivative of dihydro-CDDO-trifluoroethylamide (dh404), a novel Nrf2 activator, protects against pathological cardiac responses to hemodynamic stress in mice. (More)
In the present study, we investigated the effect of lipoxin A4 on myocardial ischemia–reperfusion injury (IRI) following cardiac arrest (CA) in a rabbit model. Lipoxin A4 is a metabolite of arachidonic acid in the eicosanoid, it is called “brake signal” for its anti-inflammatory activity. Some inflammatory factors (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10), NF-κB p65,(More)
Garlic has shown versatile medicinal activities in the prevention and treatment of diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, no individual garlic bioactive components have yet been determined in the COPD treatment effects. In this work, S-allylmercapto-l-cysteine (SAMC) identified in the aged garlic was selected as a model(More)
To investigate the association between cholelithiasis and risk of pancreatic cancer (PaC). We identified eligible studies in MEDLINE and EMBASE up to August 1, 2013 and the reference lists of original studies and review articles on this topic. Summary relative risks (SRRs) with their 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with a random-effects(More)
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) have become an essential tool in the contemporary malaria control and management programmes in the world. This study aims to evaluate the performance of two commonly used RDTs for malaria diagnosis in the China-Myanmar border area. A total 606 febrile patients in the China-Myanmar border were recruited to this study and were(More)
The anticancer therapy of doxorubicin (Dox) has been limited by its acute and chronic cardiotoxicity. In addition to a causative role of oxidative stress, autophagy appears to play an important role in the regulation of Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Accordingly, we explored a role of nuclear factor(More)
This paper describes how a multistage analysis strategy for a clinical trial can assess a sequence of hypotheses that pertain to successively more stringent criteria for excess risk exclusion or superiority for a primary endpoint with a low event rate. The criteria for assessment can correspond to excess risk of an adverse event or to a guideline for(More)
Nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a master transcription factor that controls the basal and inducible expression of a battery of antioxidant genes and other cytoprotective phase II detoxifying enzymes. While knockout of Nrf2 exaggerates cardiac pathological remodeling and dysfunction in diverse pathological settings, pharmacological(More)
CYLD, a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB), is a critical regulator of diverse cellular processes, ranging from proliferation and differentiation to inflammatory responses, via regulating multiple key signaling cascades such as nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. CYLD has been shown to inhibit vascular lesion formation presumably through suppressing NF-κB(More)
Recent development of Google Map, Yahoo! Map and MapQuest APIs have pushed map mashups almost to the top among other types of mashups such as news mashups, search and shopping mashups, and video and photo mashups. However, map mashups should not reply on these open data sources and services only. Developing a mashup in general faces a number of challenges.(More)