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The development of a robust and portable biosensor for the detection of pathogenic bacteria could impact areas ranging from water-quality monitoring to testing of pharmaceutical products for bacterial contamination. Of particular interest are detectors that combine the natural specificity of biological recognition with sensitive, label-free sensors(More)
The antimicrobial peptide microcin J25 (MccJ25) is posttranslationally matured from a linear preprotein into its native lasso conformation by two enzymes. One of these enzymes cleaves the preprotein and the second enzyme installs the requisite isopeptide bond to establish the lasso structure. Analysis of a mimic of MccJ25 that can be cyclized without the(More)
Engineered aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases have been used to enable the incorporation of many unnatural amino acids into recombinant proteins in vivo. In the majority of these studies, the engineered synthetase is harbored on a plasmid while the host retains a wild-type copy of the synthetase in its genome. Herein, we construct a strain carrying a single genomic(More)
Polymeric nanoparticles with multifunctional capabilities, including surface functionalization, hold great promise to address challenges in targeted drug delivery. Here, we describe a concise, robust synthesis of a heterofunctional polyethylene glycol (PEG), HO-PEG-azide. This macromer was used to synthesize polylactide (PLA)-PEG-azide, a functional diblock(More)
Members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins have opposing roles in programmed cell death; family members can play either pro-apoptotic or anti-apoptotic roles. Heterodimeric interactions between pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family are critical for the regulation of apoptosis and are important targets for cancer therapeutics. Bcl-2(More)
The Bcl-2 family of proteins regulates apoptosis at the level of mitochondrial permeabilization. Pro-death members of the family, including Bak and Bax, initiate apoptosis, whereas pro-survival members such as Bcl-x(L) and Mcl-1 antagonize the function of Bak and Bax via heterodimeric interactions. These heterodimeric interactions are primarily mediated by(More)
The axial resolution of ultrasonic imaging is confined by the temporal width of acoustic pulse generated by the transducer, which has a limited bandwidth. Deconvolution can eliminate this effect, and therefore improve the resolution. However, most ultrasonic imaging methods perform deconvolution scan line by scan line, therefore the information embedded(More)
New sequencing technologies based on massively parallel signature sequencing (MPSS) have been developed to reduce the cost of genome sequencing. In some current MPSS platforms, DNA-modified micrometer-scale beads are used to template the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Reducing the size of the beads to nanoscale can lead to significant improvements in(More)
Approximately 30% of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) experience agglomeration, granulation, and breakage during agitated drying. Currently, there is no small-scale bench tool to help assess and observe granulation behavior of APIs in the laboratory and subsequently lead to the development of a robust drying method. As a result, more conservative(More)
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells have been used widely in the pharmaceutical industry for production of biological therapeutics including monoclonal antibodies (mAb). The integrity of the gene of interest and the accuracy of the relay of genetic information impact product quality and patient safety. Here we employed next-generation sequencing, particularly(More)