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Berberine is a quaternary ammonium salt from the protoberberine group of isoquinoline alkaloids. Some reports show that berberine exhibits anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and antiviral properties by modulating multiple cellular signaling pathways, including p53, nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), and mitogen-activated protein kinase. In the present study, we(More)
Pyrithione (PT), known as a zinc ionophore, is effective against several pathogens from the Streptococcus and Staphylococcus genera. The antiviral activity of PT was also reported against a number of RNA viruses. In this paper, we showed that PT could effectively inhibit herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2). PT inhibited HSV late gene(More)
Genital herpes is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STD) caused by herpes simplex viruses type 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and -2). HSV is considered as a major risk factor in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection and rapid progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Here, we reported the finding of a polymer of(More)
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