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The disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and endothelial cell dysfunction, associated with the cerebrovascular deposition of the amyloid-beta (Abeta) protein, have been characterized as the key pathological characteristics in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In various biologic processes of AD, researchers have proven that mircroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis L-alanine dehydrogenase (L-MtAlaDH) catalyzes the NADH-dependent reversible oxidative deamination of L-alanine to pyruvate and ammonia. L-MtAlaDH has been proposed to be a potential target in the treatment of tuberculosis. Based on the crystal structures of this enzyme, molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Depressive symptoms are commonly observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The underlying mechanisms of depressive symptoms in AD remain unclear; frontolimbic circuitry dysfunction may play a role. We aimed to investigate the microstructural integrity of frontolimbic connectivity of specific fiber tracts in AD patients with and without(More)
L-Alanine dehydrogenase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (L-MtAlaDH) catalyzes the NADH-dependent interconversion of l-alanine and pyruvate, and it is considered to be a potential target for the treatment of tuberculosis. The experiment has verified that amino acid replacement of the conserved active-site residues which have strong stability and no great(More)
Detailed mechanisms for the formation of hydroxyl or alkoxyl radicals in the reactions between tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone (TCBQ) and organic hydroperoxides are crucial for better understanding the potential carcinogenicity of polyhalogenated quinones. Herein, the mechanism of the reaction between TCBQ and H2O2 has been systematically investigated at the(More)
To gain a better understanding of the antioxidation behaviors of vitamin C, the reactions between vitamin C (monoanionic form, AAH(-)) and two radicals, (·)H and (·)OH, have been investigated employing the B3LYP and BHandHLYP methods in combination with the atoms in molecules (AIM) theory and energy decomposition analyses (EDA). Both the radical additions(More)
By carrying out density functional theoretical calculations, we have performed a detailed mechanistic study of the Au(I)-catalyzed cycloisomerization of 1,6-enylnyl ester in a dry and wet dichloromethane solvent corresponding to hydrogenation and hydrolysis processes, respectively. The hydrogenation and hydrolysis mechanisms proposed in the previous(More)
Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been performed to investigate the detailed mechanism of Rh(III)-catalyzed redox-neutral C-H activation of pyrazolones with PhC≡CPh. It is found that (1) the methylene C-H activation is prior to the phenyl C-H activation, (2) the N-N bond cleavage is realized via Rh(III) → Rh(I) → Rh(III) rather than via(More)
The reactions of Sc(+)((3)D) with methane, ethane, and propane in the gas phase were studied theoretically by density functional theory. The potential energy surfaces corresponding to [Sc, C(n), H(2n+2)](+) (n=1-3) were examined in detail at the B3LYP/6-311++G(3df, 3pd)//B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory. The performance of this theoretical method was(More)
A density functional theory study was performed to understand the detailed mechanisms of the cross-benzoin reactions catalyzed by N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) species. Our theoretical study predicted that the first H-transfer operates with water in solution as a mediator, and the second H-transfer undergoes a concerted mechanism rather than a stepwise one.(More)