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This paper investigates individual motives to participate in rotating savings and credit associations (roscas). Detailed evidence from roscas in a Kenyan slum (Nairobi) suggests that most roscas are predominantly composed of women, particularly those living in a couple and earning an independent income. We propose an explanation of this based on conictual(More)
  • Viktoria Hnatkovskay, Amartya Lahiriy, +5 authors Anand Swamy
  • 2011
Amongst the various inequities typically associated with the caste system in India, probably one of the most debilitating is the perception that one is doomed by birth, i.e., social and economic mobility across generations is di¢ cult. We study the extent and evolution of this lack of mobility by contrasting the intergenerational mobility rates of the(More)
It has been argued that rising dowry payments are caused by population growth. According to that explanation, termed thèmarriage squeeze', a population increase leads to an excess supply of brides since men marry younger women. As a result, dowry payments rise in order to clear the marriage market. The explanation is essentially static; unmarried brides do(More)
In contrast to most dowry-oriented societies in which payments have declined with modernization, those in India have undergone significant inflation over the last five decades. This paper explains the difference between these two experiences by focusing on the role played by caste. The theoretical model contrasts caste-and non-caste-based societies: in the(More)
  • Michael Kevane, Bruce Wydick, +4 authors Sigrun Helmfrid
  • 2000
This paper proposes that major determinants of allocation of women's time are social norms that regulate the economic activities of women. Our emphasis on norms contrasts with approaches that view time allocation as determined by household-level economic variables. Using data from Burkina Faso, we show that social norms significantly explain differences in(More)
This paper uses exogenous variation in electoral rules to test the predictions of strategic voting models and the causal validity of Duverger's Law. Exploiting a regression discontinuity design in the assignment of single-ballot and dual-ballot (runoff) plurality systems in Brazilian mayoral races, the results indicate that single-ballot plurality rule(More)
This paper shows that increases in (firm-level) competition positively impact (individual-level) trust. Using US states' banking deregulation events that previous studies have already shown to have large impacts on competition in non-banking sectors, we show that an increase in competition had a causal impact on trust, measured in the General Social Survey(More)