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Treatment with α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), an enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), depletes the putrescine and spermidine content, and reduces the growth rate of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. The addition of putrescine, which is the immediate precursor of spermidine, promptly replenished the intracellular putrescine(More)
The activities of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and ODC inhibitory protein (ODC-antizyme) were studied in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, separated according to their position in the cell cycle by centrifugal elutriation. Release and/or synthesis of ODC-antizyme was induced by putrescine treatment. Each mouse received an intraperitoneal injection of 25 mumoles(More)
This study addresses the question whether urinary polyamine excretion is related to cell death or cell proliferation. CCl4 intoxication of the rat was used as the experimental model. Treatment with CCl4, a hepatotoxic haloalkane, produces an initial phase of liver cell death succeeded by a regenerative phase of growth, during which the liver is restored.(More)
Ehrlich ascites tumor cells grown in the presence of inhibitors of ornithine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.17) exhibited an elevated content of this enzyme. The increase could not solely be explained by a decrease in the degradation rate of the enzyme. Instead a stimulation of enzyme synthesis, probably mediated via the polyamine-depleting properties of the(More)
Tumor growth is a process associated with both cell proliferation and cell death. The increase in polyamine excretion observed in cancer patients may be partly due to leakage of polyamines from proliferating cells, which all contain an elevated polyamine level. However, the increased polyamine excretion may also be due to a release of polyamines from dead(More)
The effect of terbutaline sulphate in slow-release (SR) tablets (Bricanyl Depot), 5 mg twice daily, was compared with that of terbutaline sulphate in ordinary tablets (Bricanyl), 2.5 mg three times daily, in a double-blind, randomized, cross-over study during 2 consecutive weeks in 10 asthmatic children. Plasma concentrations and urinary excretion of(More)
Bambuterol is a prodrug, from which terbutaline is slowly generated. The objectives of the study were to evaluate whether bambuterol, given once daily, can control symptoms in asthmatic patients and to compare the bronchodilating effect and the side effects with those of terbutaline sustained-release (SR) tablets given twice daily. Twenty-five out-patients(More)
The effects of oral treatment with terbutaline sustained-release (SR) tablets (Bricanyl Depot) were studied in nine patients who had bronchial asthma and marked diurnal variation in ventilatory function. In a randomized and double-blind study, the patients were treated with terbutaline SR 7.5 mg b.i.d., terbutaline SR 7.5 mg in the morning and 15 mg in the(More)