Sivaraman Umadevi

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We studied the prevalence of ceftazidime resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), AmpC β-lactamase (AmpC) and metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) production among the ceftazidime resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A very high rate of MBL production was observed, which suggested it to be an important contributing(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary tract infections are the most commonly acquired bacterial infections and they account for an estimated 25-40% of the nosocomial infections. The microbial biofilms pose a public health problem for the persons who require indwelling medical devices, as the microorganisms in the biofilms are difficult to treat with antimicrobial agents. (More)
BACKGROUND Methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus is associated with multidrug resistance, an aggressive course, increased mortality and morbidity in both community and health care facilities. Monitoring of newly emerging and prevalent Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains for their resistance patterns to conventional as well(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a type of nosocomial pneumonia that occurs in patients who receive mechanical ventilation (MV). According to the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC), the overall rate of VAP is 13.6 per 1,000 ventilator days. The incidence varies according to the patient group and hospital(More)
Coagulase negative Staphylococci (CoNS), more commonly accounted as contaminants are now considered as a important potential pathogens with increase in use of implants and with the increase in frequency and number of severely debilitated patients. More than 30 species of CONS are recognised but only a few are commonly incriminated in human infections.(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is a type of nosocomial pneumonia associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Knowledge about the incidence and risk factors is necessary to implement preventive measures to reduce mortality in these patients. METHOD A prospective study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital for a period(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of community-acquired pneumonia, otitis media, paranasal sinusitis, bacteremia and meningitis, as well as osteomyelitis and occasionally peritonitis. We report the case of a 25-year-old female who had stabbed herself with a kitchen knife above the umbilicus 10 days prior to admission. Subsequently, she developed an(More)
Dengue is known for its serious life-threatening complications. New rapid kits available recently in India target circulating non-structural protein (NS1) antigen from day one onwards. The sensitivity and specificity of a newly introduced rapid combo kit against two conventional ELISA kits is assessed. The performance of this kit is quite satisfactory since(More)
BACKGROUND Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa has emerged as a threat to hospital infection control, due to its multi-drug resistance, especially in intensive care units (ICUs). AIMS This study was carried out to detect MBL producing P. aeruginosa isolates from medical and surgical ICUs, to compare and evaluate different(More)
BACKGROUND Acinetobacter species are gram-negative coccobacilli belonging to the group of Non-Fermenting Gram-Negative Bacilli, which are ubiquitous in nature. They cause outbreaks in intensive care units and healthcare settings, and are becoming increasingly drug resistant. AIMS To determine the prevalence of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter species(More)