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Green tea catechins (GTCs) including (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG) and (-)-epicatechin (EC) were shown to suppress cell growth and induce apoptosis in various cell systems in addition to their chemo-preventive effect. In this study, except EC which was inactive, green tea extract (TE) and(More)
Mitochondria play a crucial role in the induction and execution of apoptosis. Accordingly, recent suggestions have been made to use agents that directly act on mitochondria to trigger apoptosis so that drug-sensitive and-resistant tumour cells can be eliminated. To test this hypothesis, human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 and its derivative R-HepG2 with doxorubicin(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Angiogenesis, the process of blood vessel formation, is critical to tumour growth. The importance of angiogenesis in tumour development has lead to the development of anti-angiogenic strategies to inhibit tumour growth. In this study, polyphyllin D (PD), an active component in Chinese herb, Paris polyphylla, was evaluated for(More)
An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) occurred in China and the first case emerged in mid-November 2002. The aetiological agent of this disease was found to be a previously unknown coronavirus, SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). The detailed pathology of SARS-CoV infection and the host response to the viral infection are still not(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) resistant A10A cells derived from human squamous carcinoma A431 cells were found to exhibit a smaller degree of apoptosis after DOX treatment as compared to their parent cells. Induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and mitochondrial depolarization by DOX were more pronounced in the parent cells than in the A10A cells. The(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective treatment for cancer by inducing apoptosis or necrosis in the target cells. Pheophorbide a (Pa), a chlorophyll derivative, is a photosensitzier which can induce significant anti-proliferative effects in a number of human cancer cell lines. This study investigated the action mechanism of Pa-mediated photodynamic(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a common anticancer drug. The mechanisms of DOX induced apoptosis and the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in apoptotic signaling were investigated in p53-null human osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells. Accumulation of pre-G1 phase cells and induction of DNA laddering, which are the hallmarks of apoptosis, were detected in cells at 48(More)
Cordyceps sinensis is a prized traditional Chinese medicine and its major component cordycepin is found to have anti-leukemia activities. However, its cytotoxicity in erythrocytes was unclear. To examine the effect of cordycepin on the induction of eryptosis (an apoptosis-like process in enucleated erythrocytes), flow cytometric assays based on membrane(More)
We previously showed that polyphyllin D (PD) produced a stronger apoptotic effect in R-HepG2 with multi-drug resistance (MDR) than that in its parent HepG2 cells without MDR. In this study, PD was found to elicit mitochondrial fragmentation in live cells by using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). When mitochondria were isolated and(More)
In a search for new anticancer agents, we identified a novel compound polyphyllin D (PD) (diosgenyl alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-(alpha-L-arabinofuranosyl)-(1-->4)]-[beta-D-glucopyranoside) that induced DNA fragmentation and phosphatidyl-serine (PS) externalization in a hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 derivative with drug resistance (R-HepG2).(More)