Sithara Ralapanawe

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Probably the most effective current vaccine against Marek's disease is the live Rispens (CVI988) attenuated serotype 1 Marek's disease virus (MDV). It is unknown whether the currently available Rispens vaccines transmit effectively between chickens. To investigate the kinetics and shedding of three commercially available strains of this virus and the extent(More)
OBJECTIVE To use specific real-time qPCR to determine (1) the vaccination success of Rispens CVI988 vaccine in feathers and dust; (2) persistence of Rispens infection in vaccinated layer chickens; (3) extent of co-infection with wild-type Marek's disease virus (MDV) in vaccinated layers; and (4) presence of Rispens virus in unvaccinated broiler flocks. (More)
Vaccination with "imperfect" vaccines that prevent disease but not infection is strongly implicated in the observed increased virulence of Marek's disease virus (MDV) over the past six decades. The current "gold standard" vaccine, Rispens CVI988 (Rispens), has maintained efficacy despite use for five decades, raising the question of whether it too favours(More)
Vaccination is thought to contribute to an evolution in virulence of the Marek's disease virus (MDV) as vaccines prevent disease but not infection. We investigated the effects of co-infections at various intervals between Rispens/CVI988 vaccine virus (Rispens) and very virulent MDV (vvMDV) on the replication and shedding of each virus. The experiment used(More)
The Rispens (CVI988) vaccine is widely used to vaccinate chickens worldwide. We tested the protective effects of the Rispens vaccine against challenge with very virulent Marek's disease virus (vvMDV) at various intervals at, before or after vaccination. The experiment used commercial ISA Brown layers and vvMDV isolate 02LAR. The protective index (PI) was(More)
We tested the level of protection provided by the Rispens CVI988 (Rispens) vaccine against challenge with a virulent Marek's disease virus (MDV) pathotype (vMDV) and a very virulent pathotype (vvMDV) and the accuracy of a range of predictive measures of Marek's disease (MD) incidence and vaccine take. Commercial layer chicks (n = 236) were vaccinated (or(More)
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