Sistala Ramakrishna

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A multifunctional protein kinase, purified from rat liver as ATP-citrate lyase kinase, has been identified as a glycogen synthase kinase. This kinase catalyzed incorporation of up to 1.5 mol of 32PO4/mol of synthase subunit associated with a decrease in the glycogen synthase activity ratio from 0.85 to a value of 0.15. Approximately 65-70% of the 32PO4 was(More)
Multifunctional ATP-citrate lyase kinase (ACLK) exhibits several properties that are similar to glycogen-synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3). The molecular cloning of two distinct mammalian GSK-3 cDNAs and a Drosophila melanogaster (fruitfly) homologue, zeste-white3sgg, has established the existence of a GSK-3 subfamily. A multifunctional protein kinase first(More)
Insulin decreases multifunctional protein kinase (MFPK) activity in rat adipose tissue [Ramakrishna, S., & Benjamin, W. B. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 12677-12681]. Insulin also decreases the phosphorylation of peptide B but increases the phosphorylation of peptide A of ATP-citrate lyase (ATP-CL). The mechanism for this increase in peptide A phosphorylation(More)
ATP-citrate lyase in vivo contains three phosphorylation sites on two tryptic peptides (peptides A and B). These phosphorylation sites are under hormonal control. Multifunctional protein kinase (MFPK) from rat liver phosphorylates peptide B on serine and threonine residues whereas cAMP-dependent protein kinase phosphorylates peptide A on a serine residue(More)
The aqueous extract of Gymnema sylvestre leaves (GSE) tested on various inflammatory models showed anti-inflammatory activity by significantly inhibiting carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema and peritoneal ascites in mice. GSE elevated liver enzymes (e.g. γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) and Superoxide dismutase (SOD)) showing a protective mechanism against(More)
Multifunctional protein kinase (MFPK) phosphorylates ATP-citrate lyase on peptide B on two sites, BT and BS, on threonine and serine, respectively, inhibitor 2 on a threonyl residue, and glycogen synthase at sites 2 and 3. The phosphorylation sites BT and BS of ATP-citrate lyase are dependent on prior phosphorylation at site A whereas site A phosphorylation(More)
Acetyl CoA carboxylase, ATP-citrate lyase and fatty acid synthetase were purified to homogeneity by a simple procedure. The purification method consists of polymerization of acetyl CoA carboxylase with citrate followed by avidin-Sepharose affinity chromatography. ATP-citrate lyase and fatty acid synthetase were isolated as by-products of acetyl CoA(More)
We have purified to apparent homogeneity a phosphoprotein from rat adipose tissue which is rapidly phosphorylated in vitro by ATP. The native phosphoprotein has an approximate sedimentation coefficient of 14.8 S. On sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide slab gel electrophoresis, the protein dissociated into identical subunits of Mr = 128,000. A(More)
Glycosidases play an important role in a wide range of physiological and pathological conditions, and have become potential targets for the discovery and development of agents useful for the treatment of diseases such as diabetes, cancer, influenza, and even AIDS. In this study, several benzimidazole derivatives were prepared from o-phenylenediamine and(More)