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Chronic stress generally inhibits the activity of the reproductive system. Acute stress also is often inhibitory, but the mechanism involved and its persistence of action once animals are no longer exposed to the stressor are poorly understood. We investigated the effect of capture and restraint stress on plasma testosterone (T), luteinizing hormone (LH),(More)
In many male vertebrates, the secretion of reproductive (gonadal androgens) and adrenocortical (glucocorticoids) hormones varies seasonally and in response to environmental stimuli, and these hormones exert numerous behavioral and metabolic effects. We performed two field studies on adult male Rufous-winged Sparrows, Peucaea carpalis, a Sonoran Desert(More)
We sought to clarify functional relationships between baseline and acute stress-induced changes in plasma levels of the stress hormone corticosterone (CORT) and the reproductive hormone testosterone (T), and those of two main metabolites, uric acid (UA) and glucose (GLU). Acute stress in vertebrates generally stimulates the secretion of glucocorticoids,(More)
Energy deficiency can suppress reproductive function in vertebrates. As the orchestrator of reproductive function, endocrine activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis is potentially an important mechanism mediating such effects. Previous experiments in wild-caught birds found inconsistent relationships between energy deficiency and seasonal(More)
Acute stress in vertebrates generally stimulates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and is often associated with multiple metabolic changes, such as increased gluconeogenesis, and with behavioral alterations. Little information is available, especially in free-ranging organisms, on the duration of these reversible effects once animals are no longer(More)
Stress-induced effects on innate immune activity in wild birds have been difficult to predict. These difficulties may arise from the frequent assumptions that (1) the stress response influences different components of the immune response similarly, (2) stress-induced effects do not change over the course of the stress response and (3) glucocorticoids are(More)
To maximize fitness, organisms must invest energetic and nutritional resources into developing, activating, and maintaining reproductive physiology and behavior. Corticosterone (CORT), the primary avian glucocorticoid, regulates energetic reserves to meet metabolic demands. At low (baseline) plasma levels, CORT activates avian mineralocorticoid receptors(More)
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