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About a fifth of the human gene pool belongs largely either to Indo-European or Dravidic speaking people inhabiting the Indian peninsula. The 'Caucasoid share' in their gene pool is thought to be related predominantly to the Indo-European speakers. A commonly held hypothesis, albeit not the only one, suggests a massive Indo-Aryan invasion to India some(More)
It has been often stated that the overall pattern of human maternal lineages in Europe is largely uniform. Yet this uniformity may also result from an insufficient depth and width of the phylogenetic analysis, in particular of the predominant western Eurasian haplogroup (Hg) H that comprises nearly a half of the European mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) pool.(More)
HER2 is a tyrosine kinase receptor causally involved in cancer. A subgroup of breast cancer patients with particularly poor clinical outcomes expresses a heterogeneous collection of HER2 carboxy-terminal fragments (CTFs). However, since the CTFs lack the extracellular domain that drives dimerization and subsequent activation of full-length HER2, they are in(More)
Here we discuss how our understanding of the peopling of Europe by modern humans may be improved by results which can be obtained in the investigation of genetic lineages of populations living in Anatolia and the Trans-Caucasus: Turks, Armenians, Georgians and Ossetes (Fig. 25.1). These four populations occupy a geographic area commonly believed to have(More)
CD43 or leukosialin is a transmembrane sialoglycoprotein, whose extracellular domain participates in cell adhesiveness and the cytoplasmic tail regulates a variety of intracellular signal transduction pathways involved in cell proliferation. CD43 is abundantly expressed on the surface of hematopoietic cells, but CD43 expression is also frequently found in(More)
CD43 is a transmembrane molecule with a highly O-glycosylated extracellular domain of mucin type. It is a normal constituent of leukocytes and found in colon adenoma, but not in normal colon epithelia. Here it is shown that the cytoplasmic tail of CD43 contains a functional bipartite nuclear localization signal directing it to the nucleus. The intracellular(More)
CD43 is an abundant transmembrane sialoglycoprotein in leukocyte-type cell lines, but it has also been suggested to be present in colon adenomas and colon carcinomas. We have now shown that CD43 is expressed in a variety of cell lines of different origins (CaSKI, A549, 293, MTSV1-7, MCF7, HT-1080, Jurkat, K562, COLO 205, HT-29, Caco-2, DLD-1 and SW480). The(More)
CD43 is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein expressed on the surface of most hematopoietic cells. Expression of CD43 has also been demonstrated in many human tumor tissues, including colon adenomas and carcinomas, but not in normal colon epithelium. The potential contribution of CD43 to tumor development is still not understood. Here, we show that(More)
CD43 is a heavily O-glycosylated type I trans-membrane protein, expressed at high levels on the surface of leukocytes. It is frequently overexpressed in early colon adenomas, but not in normal colon epithelial cells. To identify CD43 target genes, gene array analysis was performed using a tetracycline-inducible CD43 expression system in human colon(More)
CD43 is a transmembrane molecule that contains a 123-aminoacids-long cytoplasmic tail and a highly O-glycosylated extracellular domain of mucin type. Endogenous CD43 expressed in COLO 205, K562 and Jurkat cells revealed a membrane-associated, 20 kDa CD43-specific cytoplasmic tail fragment (CD43-CTF) upon inhibition of gamma-secretase. This fragment was(More)