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Occupational exposure levels to 1,3-butadiene (BD) are variable but generally below 1 ppm in the European process industry. A preliminary analysis showed that hemoglobin adduct levels of butadiene monoxide (BMO) were increased among the worker groups with higher potential exposure to BD (process work, bomb voiding, repair duties) than among less exposed(More)
Representational difference analysis was used to isolate cDNAs corresponding to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin)-inducible genes from mouse Hepa-1 cells. One cDNA encoded a novel cytochrome P450. The human homolog was also isolated and later proved to be human CYP2S1. The induction of mouse CYP2S1 mRNA by dioxin represents a primary response and(More)
Cytochrome P4502S1 (CYP2S1) is expressed at high levels in epithelial tissues and is inducible by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin) via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). Transcriptional initiation of mouse Cyp2s1 was found to occur at three regions, approximately 198, 102, and 22 nucleotides from the translational initiation codon.(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are known to take part in detoxification of many potentially carcinogenic compounds. Therefore, polymorphisms of the GST genes have been considered as potentially important modifiers of individual risk of environmentally induced cancers. The association between lack of glutathione S-transferase M1 gene (GSTM1 null genotype)(More)
A new member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily, CYP2S1, has recently been identified in human and mouse. In this paper, we review the data currently available for CYP2S1. The human CYP2S1 gene is located in chromosome 19q13.2 within a cluster including CYP2 family members CYP2A6, CYP2A13, CYP2B6, and CYP2F1. These genes also show the highest homology to(More)
CYP2S1 is a recently discovered dioxin-inducible member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily. It has been shown to be involved in the metabolism of some aromatic hydrocarbons as well as retinoic acid, suggesting a role in biotransformation of both exogenous and endogenous compounds. In this study, we used mRNA in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry to(More)
A hypoxic microenvironment is characteristic of many solid tumors, including pancreatic cancer, the fifth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Hypoxia causes the stabilization of the HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor-1) transcription factor and the induction of many genes that promote angiogenesis, tumor growth, and metastasis. We performed(More)
BACKGROUND Humans vary in their ability to metabolize endogenous and exogenous compounds. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are enzymes involved in the detoxification of hazardous agents. The GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes exhibit null (i.e., deletion) polymorphisms; in specific individuals, homozygous deletion (i.e., both copies(More)
Cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) is involved in the bioactivation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons into their reactive epoxide metabolites. CYP1A1 is considered to be important with regard to individual susceptibility to lung cancer since phenotypic and genotypic polymorphisms of CYP1A1 have been associated with an increased risk of lung cancer in a number of(More)
Some 3-10% of Caucasians are deficient in CYP2D6 metabolism (poor metabolizers), due to inheritance of two defective alleles, whereas amplification of the CYP2D6 gene results in ultrarapid metabolism in 1-2% of Caucasian populations. To examine the possible association between CYP2D6 polymorphism and individual smoking behaviour, we analysed the prevalence(More)