Sirisha Burra

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The connexin 43 (Cx43) hemichannel (HC) in the mechanosensory osteocytes is a major portal for the release of factors responsible for the anabolic effects of mechanical loading on bone formation and remodeling. However, little is known about how the Cx43 molecule responds to mechanical stimulation leading to the opening of the HC. Here, we demonstrate that(More)
Bone tissues respond to mechanical loading/unloading regimens to accommodate (re)modeling requirements; however, the underlying molecular mechanism responsible for these responses is largely unknown. Previously, we reported that connexin (Cx) 43 hemichannels in mechanosensing osteocytes mediate the release of prostaglandin, PGE(2), a crucial factor for bone(More)
Connexin (Cx) 43 serves important roles in bone function and development. Targeted deletion of Cx43 in osteoblasts or osteocytes leads to increased osteocyte apoptosis, osteoclast recruitment, and reduced biomechanical properties. Cx43 forms both gap junction channels and hemichannels, which mediate the communication between adjacent cells or between cell(More)
Connexin (Cx) 43 hemichannels in osteocytes are thought to play a critical role in releasing bone modulators in response to mechanical loading, a process important for bone formation and remodeling. However, the underlying mechanism that regulates the opening of mechanosensitive hemichannels is largely unknown. We have recently shown that Cx43 and integrin(More)
Osteocytes with long dendritic processes are known to sense mechanical loading, which is essential for bone remodeling. There has been a long-standing debate with regard to which part(s) of osteocyte, the cell body versus the dendritic process, acts as a mechanical sensor. To address this question experimentally, we used a transwell filter system that(More)
Gap junctions formed by connexins (Cx) play an important role in transmitting signals between bone cells such as osteoblasts and osteoclasts, cells responsible for bone formation and bone remodeling, respectively. Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) has been demonstrated to mediate the process of osteoblast differentiation and bone formation.(More)
This methods chapter describes two methods for creating epithelial wounds in Drosophila larvae: pinch and puncture wounding. It also covers protocols for visualizing epithelial wounds, either in a dissected whole mount preparation or, using transgenic reporter larvae, in a live whole mount preparation. Finally, useful transgenic lines for live genetic(More)
Gap junctions and hemichannels are formed by a family of proteins called connexins. Till date up to twenty one different connexins have been characterized and their expression was observed to be spatio-temporally regulated. Gap junctions and hemichannels are involved in transfer of a variety of less than 1 kDa small molecules such as, ions, small(More)
Osteocytes are considered as the major mechanosensory cells of the bone tissue that control the bone remodeling process. Since osteocytes are buried inside mineralized matrix, they maintain a strong communication network with other cells. Long dendritic processes of the osteocytes act as communication cables, conveying mechanical signals to the neighboring(More)
Cx43 hemichannels serve as a portal for the release of prostaglandins, a critical process in mediating biological responses of mechanical loading on bone formation and remodeling. We have previously observed that fluid flow shear stress (FFSS) opens hemichannels; however, sustained FFSS results in hemichannel closure, as continuous opening of hemichannels(More)