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Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive, degenerative disease that involves the central and peripheral nervous systems and the heart. A gene, X25, was identified in the critical region for the FRDA locus on chromosome 9q13. This gene encodes a 210-amino acid protein, frataxin, that has homologs in distant species such as Caenorhabditis elegans(More)
We studied 83 patients from 36 Italian families with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type I. Mean onset age +/- SD was 34.2 +/- 12.8 years with a mean anticipation of 12.8 +/- 15.1 in 52 parent-offspring pairs. Onset age anticipation occurred predominantly through paternal transmission. Mean age at death was at 56.5 +/- 15.5 years. The most common(More)
Friedreich's ataxia is the most common inherited ataxia. Ninety-six percent of patients are homozygous for GAA trinucleotide repeat expansions in the first intron of the frataxin gene. The remaining cases are compound heterozygotes for a GAA expansion and a frataxin point mutation. We report here the identification of 10 novel frataxin point mutations, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform a clinical and molecular study of a large autosomal dominant family with a complex neurologic syndrome that comprises early-onset dementia, extrapyramidal and cerebellar features, and epilepsy. BACKGROUND Early-onset forms of dementia often are caused by genetic factors. Mutations of three different genes-amyloid precursor protein(More)
The most common causative mutation of Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the unstable hyperexpansion of an intronic GAA triplet repeat that impairs frataxin transcription. Using real time quantitative PCR, we showed that FRDA patients had residual levels of frataxin mRNA ranging between 13% and 30% and that FRDA carriers had about 40% of that of controls.(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify if GAA expansion size could account for the severity of the central nervous system involvement in Friedreich's ataxia (FA). METHODS Retrospective study of 52 FA patients (mean age 26.9+/-12.1 years; mean disease duration 10.6+/-7.6 years) homozygous for GAA expansion. Median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) were available(More)
Two hundred and forty-eight patients from 116 Italian families with dominant ataxia were studied for CAG expansion within SCA1, 2, 3, 6, 7 (spinocerebellar ataxia) and DRPLA (dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy) genes. Fifty-six percent of the families originated from Southern, 19% from Central and 25% from Northern Italy. SCA2 was the commonest mutation,(More)
Absence of lower limb tendon reflexes has been considered an essential diagnostic criterion for Friedreich's ataxia (FA). However, preservation of knee and ankle jerks has been reported in a few patients. Linkage analysis to FA locus (FRDA) on chromosome 9q13-21.1 was performed in 11 patients from 6 families with FA phenotype, including cardiomyopathy, but(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type I is the most common form of dominant ataxia. A genetic heterogeneity has been identified with five different loci (SCA1, 2, 3, 4, and 6). A pathological expansion of a CAG sequence has been identified in SCA1, 2, 3, and 6. We performed molecular analysis in 51 families with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type(More)
The authors describe an Italian family with autosomal dominant ataxia, dementia, psychiatric and extrapyramidal features, epilepsy, mild sensorimotor axonal neuropathy, and MRI findings of cerebral and cerebellar atrophy. A child had a distinctive presentation with onset at 3 years, growth retardation, fast progression, and early death. Molecular analysis(More)