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Cinnamic acid derivatives are naturally occurring substances found in fruits, vegetables, and flowers and are consumed as dietary phenolic compounds. In the present study, cinnamic acid and its derivatives were evaluated for insulin secreting activity in perfused rat pancreas and pancreatic beta-cells (INS-1) as well as an increase in [Ca(2+)]i in vitro.(More)
The inhibitory activity of isoferulic acid (IFA) on fructose- and glucose-mediated protein glycation and oxidation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated. Our data showed that IFA (1.25-5 mM) inhibited the formation of fluorescent advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and non-fluorescent AGE [Nε-(carboxymethyl) lysine: CML], as well as the level of(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the preventive effect of grape seed extract (GSE) on insulin resistance and oxidative stress in rats fed a high-fructose diet. After 8 weeks of the experiment, the fasting plasma glucose, insulin concentrations, and the homeostasis model assessment of basal insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) of rats fed a(More)
Inhibition of α-glucosidase and pancreatic α-amylase is one of the therapeutic approaches for delaying carbohydrate digestion, resulting in reduced postprandial glucose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical analysis and the inhibitory effect of various cinnamon bark species against intestinal α-glucosidase and pancreatic α-amylase. The(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. aqueous extract on plasma glucose concentration and lipid profile in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The chemical screening of the extract showed phenolic compound and flavonoid content were 13.24+/-0.33 mg/g and 1.73+/-0.14 microg/g, respectively. In(More)
Inhibition of alpha-glucosidase and alpha-amylase delays the digestion of starch and disaccharides to absorbable monosaccharides, resulting in a reduction of postprandial hyperglycemia. Finding effective mammalian alpha-glucosidase inhibitors from natural sources can be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus. We investigated the(More)
Three dietary monosaccharides, (glucose, fructose, and ribose), have different rates of protein glycation that accelerates the production of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). The present work was conducted to investigate the effect of ferulic acid (FA) on the three monosaccharide-mediated protein glycations and oxidation of BSA. Comparing the(More)
Cinnamic acid and its derivatives have shown a variety of pharmacologic properties. However, little is known about the antiglycation properties of cinnamic acid and its derivatives. The present study sought to characterize the protein glycation inhibitory activity of cinnamic acid and its derivatives in a bovine serum albumin (BSA)/fructose system. The(More)
We investigated the antihyperglycemic effect of p-methoxycinnamic acid (p-MCA), a cinnamic acid derivative, on plasma glucose and insulin concentrations, activities of hepatic glucose-regulating enzymes and hepatic glycogen content in normal and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. p-MCA (10-100 mg/kg, PO) dose-dependently decreased plasma glucose(More)
BACKGROUND Isoferulic acid (IFA), a naturally occurring cinnamic acid derivative, is a main active ingredient of the rhizoma of Cimicifuga dahurica. It has been shown various pharmacological activities. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of IFA against MG-induced protein glycation and oxidative DNA damage. Free radical scavenging activity(More)