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Metabolically, the brain is a highly active organ that relies almost exclusively on glucose as its energy source. According to the astrocyte-to-neuron lactate shuttle hypothesis, glucose is taken up by astrocytes and converted to lactate, which is then oxidized by neurons. Here we show, using two-photon imaging of a near-infrared 2-deoxyglucose analogue(More)
Astrocytes in hippocampal slices can dynamically regulate synaptic transmission in a process mediated by increases in intracellular Ca(2+). However, it is debated whether astrocytic Ca(2+) signals result in release of glutamate. We here compared astrocytic Ca(2+) signaling triggered by agonist exposure versus photolysis side by side. Using transgenic mice(More)
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