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Metabolically, the brain is a highly active organ that relies almost exclusively on glucose as its energy source. According to the astrocyte-to-neuron lactate shuttle hypothesis, glucose is taken up by astrocytes and converted to lactate, which is then oxidized by neurons. Here we show, using two-photon imaging of a near-infrared 2-deoxyglucose analogue(More)
Astrocytes in hippocampal slices can dynamically regulate synaptic transmission in a process mediated by increases in intracellular Ca(2+). However, it is debated whether astrocytic Ca(2+) signals result in release of glutamate. We here compared astrocytic Ca(2+) signaling triggered by agonist exposure versus photolysis side by side. Using transgenic mice(More)
The expression of acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase) is associated with Th2-driven respiratory disorders. To investigate the potentially pathological role of AMCase in allergic airway disease (AAD), we sensitized and challenged mice with ovalbumin or a combination of house dust mite (HDM) plus cockroach allergen. These mice were treated or not treated with(More)
The net transport of glucose from blood to the cerebrospinal fluid compartment of cats was measured by ventriculocisternal perfusion to determine over a large range of serum glucose concentrations the influence of serum glucose levels and their changes on the net transport rate. Changes in serum glucose levels were followed within minutes by corresponding(More)
We demonstrate that indolactam V, a non-phorbol protein kinase C activator, promotes U937 cell attachment to fibronectin, type IV collagen and laminin. In the absence of indolactam V, 2-4% of U937 cells attach to all test substrates, however, in the presence of 100 nM indolactam V, 25, 16 and 11% of U937 cells attach to fibronectin, type IV collagen and(More)
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