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Metabolically, the brain is a highly active organ that relies almost exclusively on glucose as its energy source. According to the astrocyte-to-neuron lactate shuttle hypothesis, glucose is taken up by astrocytes and converted to lactate, which is then oxidized by neurons. Here we show, using two-photon imaging of a near-infrared 2-deoxyglucose analogue(More)
  • Fushun Wang, Nathan A Smith, +5 authors Maiken Nedergaard
  • 2013
Astrocytes in hippocampal slices can dynamically regulate synaptic transmission in a process mediated by increases in intracellular Ca(2+). However, it is debated whether astrocytic Ca(2+) signals result in release of glutamate. We here compared astrocytic Ca(2+) signaling triggered by agonist exposure versus photolysis side by side. Using transgenic mice(More)
Ample clinical evidence indicates that women with thyroid disorders frequently exhibit menstrual disturbances and impaired fertility. In order to characterize the nature of thyroid hormone action in the ovary, the direct effects of triiodothyronine (T3) were investigated in vitro using a culture system of human luteinized granulosa cells. The presence of T3(More)
The necessity of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in the process of mouse embryo development and outgrowth in vitro was studied. Mouse 4-cell stage embryos were cultured up to spreading stage (outgrowth) in human tubal fluid (HTF) medium alone (control) or with 10 ng/ml EGF and 1:250 diluted monoclonal antibodies against EGF (study groups). Hatching and(More)
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