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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to estimate the community prevalence of coughing symptoms, consistent with surveillance definitions for pertussis, and doctor-diagnosed pertussis in children aged 5-14 years. METHODOLOGY A telephone survey of a cross-sectional community sample of parents regarding their child's cough symptoms in the previous 12 months(More)
BACKGROUND Anecdotal reports suggest that the addition of fentanyl (an opioid) to epidural analgesia for women during childbirth results in difficulty establishing breastfeeding. The aim of this paper is to determine any association between epidural analgesia and 1) breastfeeding in the first week postpartum and 2) breastfeeding cessation during the first(More)
BACKGROUND Although epidural analgesia provides the most effective labour analgesia, it is associated with some adverse obstetric consequences, including an increased risk of instrumental delivery. Many centres discontinue epidural analgesia late in labour to improve a woman's ability to push and reduce the rate of instrumental delivery. OBJECTIVES To(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been notifiable in Western Australia since 1985. This article reviews the notification data from 1994 to 1997, focusing on increases in MRSA notifications and the proportion that are local strains; changes in the geographical distribution of MRSA; and changes in antibiotic-resistance patterns.
AIM To assess the availability, accessibility and uptake of eye health services for Aboriginal people in western NSW in 2010. METHODS The use of document review, observational visits, key stakeholder consultation and service data reviews, including number of cataract operations performed, to determine regional service availability and use. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Since the introduction of childhood vaccination for diphtheria in 1932 and the widespread use of vaccines to prevent tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and poliomyelitis in the 1950s, deaths in Australia from vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) have declined by more than 99%. It is important, however, that the downward trend in morbidity and(More)
Pertussis notifications have increased over the past decade in Australia and other industrialised countries. This study estimates the effectiveness of pertussis vaccination in one Australian State (New South Wales, NSW) among children aged less than 14 years, during a period when an Australian whole-cell pertussis vaccine was in routine use. Cases notified(More)
Observational methods are important in the measurement of vaccine effectiveness (VE) as experimental designs cannot be used for measurement of vaccines already on the vaccination schedule. Furthermore, efficacy measured in clinical trials under ideal conditions may differ to effectiveness in the field under non-ideal conditions and in different populations.(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010, intense focus was brought to bear on febrile convulsions in Australian children particularly in relation to influenza vaccination. Febrile convulsions are relatively common in infants and can lead to hospital admission and severe outcomes. We aimed to examine the relationships between the population incidence of febrile convulsions and(More)
From 1997 to 1999, Australia changed from a whole-cell based pertussis vaccination program to an acellular one. This paper tracks the transition from whole-cell to acellular pertussis vaccines by calculating the number of whole cell (DTPw) and acellular (DTPa) pertussis vaccines recorded on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR) each month(More)