Sion R. Phillips

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The melanocortin 1 receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor that acts as a control point for control of the eumelanin/phaeomelanin ratio in mouse hair. MC1 receptor loss of function mutations lead to an increase in the ratio of phaeomelanin/eumelanin in many mammals resulting in yellow or red coat colours. We have previously shown that several common point(More)
Many factors contribute to the creation and maintenance of a realistic environment for cell growth in vitro, e.g. the consistency of the growth medium, the addition of supplements, and the surface on which the cells grow. The nature of the surface on which cells are cultured plays an important role in their ability to attach, proliferate, migrate and(More)
Fluorescence quenching using acrylamide and iodide quenchers has been used to investigate the microenvironments of tryptophan residues in bovine alpha-, beta-, and gamma-crystallin fractions. Acrylamide quenching is very sensitive to the degree of tryptophan accessibility to the solvent containing the acrylamide. Since acrylamide is able to diffuse into the(More)
The propeptide form of the lectin from the garden pea (Pisum sativum agglutinin) has been expressed in Escherichia coli by attaching its cDNA to an inducible promoter. By a number of criteria, including the ability to form dimers, hemagglutination titer, Western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the resulting propeptide molecule is virtually(More)
Genetic approaches have suggested a critical role for the melanocortin-1 receptor in the control of pigmentation. We showed that this gene is unusually polymorphic in European populations and that, of the many variants, three in particular appear to be associated with red hair or fair skin. Family studies suggest these are inherited as an autosomal(More)
A case report of a 22-year-old patient with accommodative paralysis is presented including (1) the five-year history beginning with infectious mononucleosis; (2) recent clinical examination showing accomodative paralysis and reduced pupilary responses to light and near; (3) objective recordings confirming both the absence of any accommodation and the(More)
The interaction between cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential during development. To elucidate the function of ECM proteins on cell differentiation, we developed biomimetic surfaces that display specific ECM peptide motifs in a controlled manner. Presentation of ECM domains for collagen, fibronectin, and laminin influenced the formation of(More)
Zinc is essential to a wide range of cellular processes; therefore, it is important to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of zinc homeostasis. To date, no zinc transporters expressed at the enterocyte apical membrane, and so essential to mammalian zinc homeostasis, have been discovered. We identified hZTL1 as a human expressed sequence tag with homology to(More)