Siobhan S Wahlberg

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Forty-eight hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) families for which a tumor sample was available were evaluated for the presence of germ-line mutations in MSH2 and MLH1, tumor microsatellite instability (MSI), and where possible, expression of MSH2 and MLH1 in tumors by immunohistochemistry. Fourteen of 48 of the families had a germ-line(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) is due primarily to inherited mutations in two mismatch repair genes, MSH2 and MLH1, whereas germ-line mutations in other mismatch repair genes are rare. We examined the frequency of germ-line msh6 mutations in a population-based series of 140 colorectal cancer patients, including 45 sporadic cases, 91(More)
Germline alterations in one of five human DNA mismatch repair genes (hMSH2, hMLH1, hPMS1, hPMS2, and hMSH6) cause hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. Mutation analyses of these genes reveal gene carriers with a high risk for colorectal cancer, who benefit from surveillance to prevent disease. Equally important, presymptomatic testing allows(More)
A total of 191 colorectal adenocarcinomas, obtained from consecutive patients with a median follow-up of 6 years, were studied in order to evaluate the possible association of Ki-ras mutations with tumour stage, tumour differentiation and survival time. Resected full-cross tumour samples were screened for Ki-ras mutations in codons 12 and 13 using temporal(More)
Germline alterations in human DNA mismatch repair genes are associated with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Mutation analysis of the genes reveals carriers with a high risk of colorectal cancer, who will benefit from surveillance. We wanted to find the best predictive parameter of a germline mutation in those genes among patients with(More)
Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominantly inherited syndrome which confers an increased risk for colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer as well as other tumors. It is caused by germline DNA mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations in five MMR genes, hMSH2, hMLH1, hPMS1, hPMS2 and hMSH6. Finding mutations in these high risk(More)
Genomic instability has been proposed as a new mechanism of carcinogenesis involved in hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and in a large number of sporadic cancers like pancreatic and colon tumours. Mutations in human mismatch repair genes have been found in HNPCC patients, but their involvement in sporadic cancer has not been clarified yet.(More)
Mutations in the KRAS gene is a key event in the carcinogenesis of many human cancers and may serve as a diagnostic marker and a target for therapeutic intervention. In this study we have applied three different techniques for mutation detection of KRAS exon 1 mutations: Allele specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR), temporal temperature gradient(More)
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