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PURPOSE Novel zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) were designed to target the human rhodopsin gene and induce homologous recombination of a donor DNA fragment. METHODS Three-finger zinc finger nucleases were designed based on previously published guidelines. To assay for ZFN specificity, the authors generated human embryonic retinoblast cell lines stably(More)
For purposes of gene therapy, the tropism of adenovirus (Ad) serotype 5 vectors can be altered with fibers derived from alternative serotypes. However, there is currently limited information available on the cellular receptors used by the approximately 51 known Ad serotypes. Recently, alpha(2-->3)-linked sialic acid (2,3-SA) has been implicated as the(More)
As in other organ systems, gene and drug delivery to ocular tissues such as the retina and cornea is hampered by inefficient penetration of therapeutic molecules across the plasma membrane. We describe the use of a novel peptide for ocular delivery (POD) with protein transduction properties, for delivery of small and large molecules across the plasma(More)
More than one hundred different mutations in the gene encoding rhodopsin are associated with a group of retinal degenerations including retinitis pigmentosa, congenital stationary night blindness and retinitis punctata albescens. Given this large heterogeneity of mutations, it would be ideal to develop mutation-independent therapies for these diseases. We(More)
Adenovirus (Ad)-mediated gene transfer is a promising technology for therapy of a wide variety of genetic disorders of the retina. The tropism of Ad vectors limits their utility to cells that express the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor. Upon ocular delivery, Ad vectors primarily infect the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and the Müller cells of the retina.(More)
PURPOSE Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the leading cause of blindness in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Several lines of evidence implicate increased levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) from patients with AMD. Current approaches to attenuate VEGF or its receptors, including the use of small(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type-1 Tat protein is known to exit virally infected cells and enter the nucleus of adjacent uninfected cells. This property has been mapped to an 11-amino-acid protein transduction domain (PTD). When the PTD of Tat is fused to heterologous proteins and added exogenously to cells, the fusion peptide is able to demonstrate(More)
Purpose. Gene therapy for a number of retinal diseases necessitates efficient transduction of photoreceptor cells. Whereas adenovirus (Ad) serotype 5 (Ad5) does not transduce photoreceptors efficiently, previous studies have demonstrated improved photoreceptor transduction by Ad5 pseudotyped with Ad35 (Ad5/F35) or Ad37 (Ad5/F37) fiber or by the deletion of(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) can deliver molecules into cells by binding and penetrating the plasma membrane. However, the majority of CPPs get trapped in endosomes, resulting in degradation of the cargo molecule and inefficient delivery to the nucleus. The present study investigates the potential use of a nucleolin binding peptide (NBP) for(More)
Recently we described a novel cell penetrating peptide, peptide for ocular delivery (POD) that could deliver small molecules including fluorescent dyes into retinal cells. The objective of the current study was to examine whether biologically relevant macromolecules such as proteins, genetically fused with POD could also be delivered into retinal tissues in(More)