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PURPOSE Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the leading cause of blindness in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Several lines of evidence implicate increased levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) from patients with AMD. Current approaches to attenuate VEGF or its receptors, including the use of small(More)
PURPOSE Novel zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) were designed to target the human rhodopsin gene and induce homologous recombination of a donor DNA fragment. METHODS Three-finger zinc finger nucleases were designed based on previously published guidelines. To assay for ZFN specificity, the authors generated human embryonic retinoblast cell lines stably(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type-1 Tat protein is known to exit virally infected cells and enter the nucleus of adjacent uninfected cells. This property has been mapped to an 11-amino-acid protein transduction domain (PTD). When the PTD of Tat is fused to heterologous proteins and added exogenously to cells, the fusion peptide is able to demonstrate(More)
For purposes of gene therapy, the tropism of adenovirus (Ad) serotype 5 vectors can be altered with fibers derived from alternative serotypes. However, there is currently limited information available on the cellular receptors used by the approximately 51 known Ad serotypes. Recently, alpha(2-->3)-linked sialic acid (2,3-SA) has been implicated as the(More)
Adenovirus (Ad)-mediated gene transfer is a promising technology for therapy of a wide variety of genetic disorders of the retina. The tropism of Ad vectors limits their utility to cells that express the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor. Upon ocular delivery, Ad vectors primarily infect the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and the Müller cells of the retina.(More)
Purpose. Gene therapy for a number of retinal diseases necessitates efficient transduction of photoreceptor cells. Whereas adenovirus (Ad) serotype 5 (Ad5) does not transduce photoreceptors efficiently, previous studies have demonstrated improved photoreceptor transduction by Ad5 pseudotyped with Ad35 (Ad5/F35) or Ad37 (Ad5/F37) fiber or by the deletion of(More)
As in other organ systems, gene and drug delivery to ocular tissues such as the retina and cornea is hampered by inefficient penetration of therapeutic molecules across the plasma membrane. We describe the use of a novel peptide for ocular delivery (POD) with protein transduction properties, for delivery of small and large molecules across the plasma(More)
More than one hundred different mutations in the gene encoding rhodopsin are associated with a group of retinal degenerations including retinitis pigmentosa, congenital stationary night blindness and retinitis punctata albescens. Given this large heterogeneity of mutations, it would be ideal to develop mutation-independent therapies for these diseases. We(More)
Adenovirus (Ad) vectors can be injected into human ocular tissues without producing adverse events and are therefore a promising means of gene transfer to the retina. However, when administered subretinally, Ad vectors primarily transduce the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), whereas the majority of mutant gene products that cause photoreceptor (PR)(More)
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of blindness amongst the elderly. Approximately 10% of AMD patients suffer from an advanced form of AMD characterized by choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Recent evidence implicates a significant role for complement in the pathogenesis of AMD. Activation of complement terminates in the(More)