Sinsia A. Gao

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OBJECTIVES Impaired arterial baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) has been associated with cardiac mortality and non-fatal cardiac arrests after a myocardial infarction. Patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) have a poor prognosis because of cardiovascular diseases, and sudden death is common. The aim of this study was to assess whether BRS or the baroreflex(More)
Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), the reflex heart rate modulation in response to blood pressure changes (predominantly an index of cardiac vagal activity) and temporal QT variability (an index of myocardial repolarization) have been demonstrated to convey important prognostic information. The information about reproducibility of BRS and temporal QT(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired arterial baroreflex function has been associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmia and sudden death. This has also been suggested for patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) who are at high risk for cardiovascular morbidity. The aim of this study was to investigate the arterial baroreflex function in CRF patients with(More)
Autonomic function and hemodynamics were studied in nine spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects, at rest and during peripheral afferent stimulation, bladder percussion. Nine able-bodied subjects were studied for comparison during unstimulated conditions. Spontaneous baroreceptor reflex sensitivity was calculated from recordings of ECG and intraarterial blood(More)
OBJECTIVE Sympathetic nerve activity is increased in hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis. Less is known about cardiac vagal function in these patients before and after renal angioplasty. The aim of the present study was to investigate cardiac baroreceptor reflex sensitivity together with total body noradrenaline (NA) spillover in hypertensive(More)
BACKGROUND Recent guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension have proposed that, to prevent cardiovascular disease, lifestyle modifications are required even in the case of high-normal blood pressure (HNBP). OBJECTIVE To assess myocardial repolarization and spontaneous cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in newly diagnosed and never-treated(More)
Continuous intracisternal infusion of bupivacaine for the management of intractable pain of the head and neck is effective in controlling pain in this patient group. With the catheter tip being located at the height of the C1 vertebral body, autonomic regulatory information may also be influenced by the infusion of bupivacaine. By combining direct sampling(More)
Patients with CRF (chronic renal failure) are at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, and 60% of cardiovascular mortality in CRF is attributed to sudden death. Various abnormalities in myocardial repolarization are associated with the risk of ventricular arrhythmia. The aim of this study was to evaluate an index of temporal myocardial repolarization(More)
Quantification of mitral regurgitation (MR) using cardiovascular magnetic resonance can be achieved by three indirect methods. The aims of the study were to determine their agreement, observer variability and effect on grading MR severity. The study comprised 16 healthy volunteers and 36 MR patients. Quantification was performed using the ‘standard’ [left(More)
Two-dimensional echocardiography and real-time 3-D echocardiography have been reported to underestimate human left ventricular volumes significantly compared with cardiovascular magnetic resonance. We investigated the ability of 2-D echocardiography, real-time 3-D echocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance to delineate dimensions of increasing(More)