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OBJECTIVE Description of 8 new ANO5 mutations and significant expansion of the clinical phenotype spectrum associated with previously known and unknown mutations to improve diagnostic accuracy. METHODS DNA samples of 101 patients in 95 kindreds at our quaternary referral center in Finland, who had undetermined limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD), calf(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1D (LGMD1D) was linked to chromosome 7q36 over a decade ago, but its genetic cause has remained elusive. Here we studied nine LGMD-affected families from Finland, the United States and Italy and identified four dominant missense mutations leading to p.Phe93Leu or p.Phe89Ile changes in the ubiquitously expressed(More)
Inclusion body myopathy with Paget disease and frontotemporal dementia (IBMPFD) is caused by mutations in the valosin-containing protein (VCP) gene. We report a new distal phenotype caused by VCP gene mutation in a Finnish family with nine affected members in three generations. Patients had onset of distal leg muscle weakness and atrophy in the anterior(More)
Laing early-onset distal myopathy is a rare autosomal dominant myopathy and caused by mutations in the MYH7 gene, encoding the slow beta myosin heavy chain. We report the first molecularly verified Laing distal myopathy in a French family caused by a novel p.Glu1508del mutation in the MYH7 gene. Interestingly, we identified the identical mutation in an(More)
Tibial muscular dystrophy (TMD) or Udd myopathy is an autosomal dominant distal myopathy with late onset, at first described in the Finnish population. We report here the first Italian cases of TTN mutated titinopathy. The proband, a 60 year-old female, had the first muscular signs at the age of 59 years, with difficulty in walking and right foot drop.(More)
OBJECTIVE A study was undertaken to identify the responsible gene defect underlying late onset spinal motor neuronopathy (LOSMoN/SMAJ; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man #615048), an autosomal dominant disease mapped to chromosome 22q11.2. METHODS The previous genetic linkage approach by microsatellite haplotyping was continued in new families. A whole(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a common adult onset muscular dystrophy caused by a dominantly transmitted (CCTG)( n ) expansion in intron 1 of the CNBP gene. In DM2 there is no obvious evidence for an intergenerational increase of expansion size, and no congenital cases have been confirmed. We describe the clinical and(More)
Laing distal myopathy is an autosomal dominant disease due to mutations in the gene encoding for the human slow-β myosin heavy chain, MYH7. Most reports describe it as a mild, early onset myopathy with involvement usually restricted to foot extensors, hand finger extensors and neck flexors, and unspecific findings on muscle biopsy. We identified the first(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to validate the immunohistochemical assay for the diagnosis of nondystrophic myotonia and to provide full clarification of clinical disease to patients in whom basic genetic testing has failed to do so. METHODS An immunohistochemical assay of sarcolemmal chloride channel abundance using 2 different ClC1-specific(More)
OBJECTIVE Several patients with previously reported titin gene (TTN) mutations causing tibial muscular dystrophy (TMD) have more complex, severe, or unusual phenotypes. This study aimed to clarify the molecular cause of the variant phenotypes in 8 patients of 7 European families. METHODS Clinical, histopathological, and muscle imaging data of patients and(More)