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Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1D (LGMD1D) was linked to chromosome 7q36 over a decade ago, but its genetic cause has remained elusive. Here we studied nine LGMD-affected families from Finland, the United States and Italy and identified four dominant missense mutations leading to p.Phe93Leu or p.Phe89Ile changes in the ubiquitously expressed(More)
Laing early-onset distal myopathy is a rare autosomal dominant myopathy and caused by mutations in the MYH7 gene, encoding the slow beta myosin heavy chain. We report the first molecularly verified Laing distal myopathy in a French family caused by a novel p.Glu1508del mutation in the MYH7 gene. Interestingly, we identified the identical mutation in an(More)
Inclusion body myopathy with Paget disease and frontotemporal dementia (IBMPFD) is caused by mutations in the valosin-containing protein (VCP) gene. We report a new distal phenotype caused by VCP gene mutation in a Finnish family with nine affected members in three generations. Patients had onset of distal leg muscle weakness and atrophy in the anterior(More)
Tibial muscular dystrophy (TMD) or Udd myopathy is an autosomal dominant distal myopathy with late onset, at first described in the Finnish population. We report here the first Italian cases of TTN mutated titinopathy. The proband, a 60 year-old female, had the first muscular signs at the age of 59 years, with difficulty in walking and right foot drop.(More)
OBJECTIVE A study was undertaken to identify the responsible gene defect underlying late onset spinal motor neuronopathy (LOSMoN/SMAJ; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man #615048), an autosomal dominant disease mapped to chromosome 22q11.2. METHODS The previous genetic linkage approach by microsatellite haplotyping was continued in new families. A whole(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a common adult onset muscular dystrophy caused by a dominantly transmitted (CCTG)( n ) expansion in intron 1 of the CNBP gene. In DM2 there is no obvious evidence for an intergenerational increase of expansion size, and no congenital cases have been confirmed. We describe the clinical and(More)
Laing distal myopathy is an autosomal dominant disease due to mutations in the gene encoding for the human slow-β myosin heavy chain, MYH7. Most reports describe it as a mild, early onset myopathy with involvement usually restricted to foot extensors, hand finger extensors and neck flexors, and unspecific findings on muscle biopsy. We identified the first(More)
OBJECTIVE Several patients with previously reported titin gene (TTN) mutations causing tibial muscular dystrophy (TMD) have more complex, severe, or unusual phenotypes. This study aimed to clarify the molecular cause of the variant phenotypes in 8 patients of 7 European families. METHODS Clinical, histopathological, and muscle imaging data of patients and(More)
We previously described two Finnish families with a new autosomal dominant late-onset spinal motor neuronopathy that was mapped to chromosome 22q11.2-q13.2. In the current screening study of 43 lower motor neuron disease patients from Finland and Sweden, we identified 26 new late-onset spinal motor neuronopathy patients sharing the founder haplotype. In(More)
Camptocormia, due to paraspinal muscle weakness, is seen in several types of myopathy. Myofibrillar myopathies (MFM) are histopathologically characterized by desmin-positive protein aggregates and myofibrillar disintegration. Camptocormia can be seen in the late stages of the known MFM diseases. We present a case of MFM with progressive camptocormia since(More)