Sinead M. Gibney

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Behavioural antidepressant-like effects of ketamine have been reported in the forced swimming test (FST). The mechanisms mediating such effects are unknown. As serotonin (5-HT) is an important transmitter mediating antidepressant responsiveness in the FST, the influence of 5-HT depletion on the antidepressant-like effect of ketamine was assessed. The effect(More)
This review describes a key role for mononuclear phagocytes in the pathogenesis of major psychiatric disorders. There is accumulating evidence for activation of microglia (histopathology and PET scans) and circulating monocytes (enhanced gene expression of immune genes, an overproduction of monocyte/macrophage-related cytokines) in patients with bipolar(More)
In this study we characterised the ability of the viral mimetic poly I:C to induce a neuroinflammatory response and induce symptoms of depression and anxiety in rats. Furthermore, the ability of poly I:C to deplete central tryptophan and serotonin via induction of indolamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO), and also the ability of poly I:C to impact upon expression(More)
Stress and anxiety are important causal and exacerbating factors in functional gastro-intestinal (GI) disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome. Stress affects GI motility, faecal transit and visceral pain sensitivity. Additionally, permeability and function of the gut epithelium, which acts as a barrier between the external environment and the body's(More)
The neurochemical basis of depression focuses on alterations in the monoaminergic and amino acid neurotransmitter systems. Moreover, decreases in serum levels of the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have led to the more recent neurotrophic hypothesis of depression. Chronic stress is one of the major predisposing factors to developing(More)
There is extensive bi-directional communication between the brain and the immune system in both health and disease. In recent years, the role of an altered immune system in the etiology of major psychiatric disorders has become more apparent. Studies have demonstrated that some patients with major psychiatric disorders exhibit characteristic signs of immune(More)
The role of hepatic tryptophan 2,3 dioxygenase (TDO) was assessed in the provocation of stress-induced depression-related behaviour in the rat. TDO drives tryptophan metabolism via the kynurenine pathway (KP) and leads to the production of neuroactive metabolites including kynurenine. A single 2 h period of restraint stress in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
Accumulating evidence supports the view that deregulation of the immune system represents an important vulnerability factor for psychosis. In a subgroup of psychotic patients, the high comorbidity with autoimmune and chronic inflammatory conditions suggests a common underlying immune abnormality leading to both conditions. The reviewed data of affective and(More)
The neurotransmitter noradrenaline (NA) has anti-inflammatory properties and promotes expression of neurotrophic factors in the central nervous system (CNS) via activation of glial adrenoceptors. Here we examined the ability of conditioned media (CM) from NA-treated glial cells to impact upon neuronal complexity. Primary rat cortical neurons were treated(More)
Two major dendritic cell (DC) subsets have been described in the pancreas of mice: The CD11c+ CD8α- DCs (strong CD4+ T cell proliferation inducers) and the CD8α+ CD103+ DCs (T cell apoptosis inducers). Here we analyzed the larger subset of CD11c+ CD8α- DCs isolated from the pancreas of pre-diabetic NOD mice for genome-wide gene expression (validated by(More)