Sindhu Sivanandan

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Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a common cause of severe respiratory distress in term infants, with an associated highly variable morbidity and mortality. MAS results from aspiration of meconium during intrauterine gasping or during the first few breaths. The pathophysiology of MAS is multifactorial and includes acute airway obstruction, surfactant(More)
Neonatal sepsis is associated with increased mortality and morbidity including neurodevelopmental impairment and prolonged hospital stay. Signs and symptoms of sepsis are nonspecific, and empiric antimicrobial therapy is promptly initiated after obtaining appropriate cultures. However, many preterm and low birth weight infants who do not have infection(More)
OBJECTIVE To report various primary immune deficiencies diagnosed in children at a tertiary care hospital, their clinical manifestations and laboratory profile. METHODS Case records of children diagnosed to have primary immunodeficiency disorders over a period of 24 months at a tertiary care hospital in northern India were evaluated. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of medical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and adverse events (acute renal dysfunction, necrotizing enterocolitis, spontaneous intestinal perforation, and gastrointestinal bleeding) between preterm infants who received indomethacin and ibuprofen for the treatment of PDA. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective comparative(More)
The shedding pattern of the protozoan parasite, Blastocystis hominis, is investigated in man and in experimental animal infections. The shedding pattern of the vacuolar and cystic forms of Blastocystis hominis in infected individuals have been shown in the present study to be irregular. The study shows that there is marked fluctuation in the shedding of the(More)
We report a 3-year-old boy with unilateral proptosis, painful swelling of the right thigh and aphasia. He had radiographic evidence of scurvy in the limbs and bilateral frontal extradural hematomas with a mass lesion in the left orbit on MRI. He was treated with vitamin C and on follow-up 8 weeks later had recovered with no evidence of the orbital mass on(More)
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the trachea is a rare benign tumor in children. We describe a 9-year-old girl who presented with recurrent episodes of wheeze and severe respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation. She had recurrent collapses of the right lung and a chest CT and bronchoscopy confirmed the presence of an obstructing mass(More)
During the 5-year (1981-5) surveillance period, 2322 salmonella isolations were recorded from animals and other non-human sources in Peninsular Malaysia. This was an increase of 356% over the preceding 5-year period. The 83 serotypes isolated were recovered from 41 sources. Of these 34 were new serotypes bringing the total number of serotypes isolated from(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of white reflecting material (slings) hung from the sides of compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) phototherapy equipment in reducing the duration of phototherapy in healthy term neonates with non-hemolytic jaundice. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Postnatal ward of a tertiary level neonatal unit. PARTICIPANTS(More)
We retrospectively reviewed records of 541 children (315 boys) suffering from tuberculosis, median age 95 (range 2-180) months, to determine factors associated with treatment failure. 256 (47.3%) children had pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) while 285 (52.7%) had extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). 459 (84.8%) children were cured and 82 (15.5%) had treatment(More)