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Lymphopenia and increasing viral load in the first 10 days of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) suggested immune evasion by SARS-coronavirus (CoV). In this study, we focused on dendritic cells (DCs) which play important roles in linking the innate and adaptive immunity. SARS-CoV was shown to infect both immature and mature human monocyte-derived DCs(More)
UNLABELLED A novel avian-origin influenza A/H7N9 virus infecting humans was first identified in March 2013 and, as of 30 May 2013, has caused 132 human infections leading to 33 deaths. Phylogenetic studies suggest that this virus is a reassortant, with the surface hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes being derived from duck and wild-bird viruses,(More)
1511 Influenza is an acute respiratory virus infection associated with significant morbidity and mortality that continues to threaten global public Both innate and adaptive immune systems play critical roles in protecting against influenza A viruses, and direct manipulation of host immunity may help protect individuals against these viruses (Peiris et al.,(More)
derived dendritic cells Chemokine upregulation in SARS coronavirus infected human monocyte (973 articles) Phagocytes (4939 articles) Immunobiology (564 articles) Chemokines, Cytokines, and Interleukins Articles on similar topics can be found in the following Blood collections Information about subscriptions and ASH membership may be found online at:(More)
Genetic diversity of influenza A viruses (IAV) acquired through the error-prone RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) or through genetic reassortment enables perpetuation of IAV in humans through epidemics or pandemics. Here, to assess the biological significance of genetic diversity acquired through RdRP, we characterize an IAV fidelity variant derived from(More)
BACKGROUND Neuraminidase (NA) inhibitors are the only licensed therapeutic option for human zoonotic H7N9 infections. An NA-R292K mutation that confers broad-spectrum resistance to NA inhibitors has been documented in H7N9 patients after treatment. METHODS We evaluated the transmission potential of a human influenza A H7N9 isolate with a NA-R292K mutation(More)
BACKGROUND The SARS outbreak in 2003 provides a unique opportunity for the study of human responses to a novel virus. We have previously reported that dendritic cells (DCs) might be involved in the immune escape mechanisms for SARS-CoV. In this study, we focussed on the gene expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs), chemokine receptors (CCRs) and death(More)
Human infections with influenza viruses exhibit mild to severe clinical outcomes as a result of complex virus-host interactions. Induction of inflammatory mediators via pattern recognition receptors may dictate subsequent host responses for pathogen clearance and tissue damage. We identified that human C-type lectin domain family 5 member A (CLEC5A)(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell is a key component of innate immunity and plays an important role in host defense against virus infection by directly destroying infected cells. Influenza is a respiratory disease transmitted in the early phase of virus infection. Evasion of host innate immunity including NK cells is critical for the virus to expand and establish a(More)
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