Sinéad M O'Donnell

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BACKGROUND Similar to other 99mTc-based infarct-avid agents, 99mTc-glucarate localizes in myocardial infarcts. Whether severely ischemic viable myocytes sequester 99mTc-glucarate is uncertain. To assess the infarct specificity, in vitro and in vivo studies were performed. METHODS AND RESULTS H9C2 embryonic rat cardiocytes cultured under normoxia (N) or(More)
Antimyosin Fab has been modified to carry highly negatively charged synthetic polymers containing DTPAs (DTPA-PL) as chelating agents, of starting molecular weights 3.3 and 17 kD. The immunoreactivities of the modified antibodies were unaffected by the modification procedure. The isoelectric points (PI) of unmodified antimyosin (AM) Fab (PI range 7-9, Mr =(More)
The less than optimal accumulation of immunoliposome-associated reagents at target sites has often been attributed to the rapid in vivo clearance of immunoliposomes from the blood. In an attempt to overcome the drawback of rapid clearance and use the targeting potential of immunoliposomes, we have prepared long-circulating, 111In-labeled immunoliposomes.(More)
UNLABELLED Antimyosin antibody is a specific marker of myocardial necrosis that is based on the loss of integrity of the sarcolemmal membrane. Because antimyosin can be labeled with several different radiotracers, gamma imaging performed with antimyosin labeled with two different radionuclides can be used to quantify infarct size before and after an(More)
Monoclonal antimyosin Fab (AM-Fab) was radiolabeled with 111In via a new bifunctional chelating agent, isothiocyanatobenzyl-DTPA (SCN-DTPA), and used to visualize acute reperfused experimental myocardial infarction. Antibody localization was compared to 201Tl (0.6 mCi) distribution in nine animals. Each animal was injected intravenously with 0.5 mCi of(More)
The available evidence does not support the routine use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in the care of premature infants. We present a case series of 22 preterm infants born after prolonged preterm premature rupture of membranes and oligohydramnios with respiratory failure. Oxygenation index decreased significantly after commencement of iNO.
BACKGROUND Cell surfaces and intercellular matrixes contain acidic residues, making them negatively charged. Antibodies are basic, positively charged glycoproteins. Therefore the potential for nonspecific ionic interaction exists, which could increase the background activity. Modification of antibodies with negatively charge-modified polymers have been(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if low-flow nasal prongs therapy with room air, compared with no treatment, facilitates weaning from nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500 g) infants. STUDY DESIGN VLBW infants who received respiratory support for ≥ 48 hours and who were stable on NCPAP for 24 hours were(More)
Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) has the potential to reduce total serum bilirubin (TS) sampling. The principal aim of this study was to determine and compare the number of initial TSB samples (TSBs) in two postnatal units (hospitals A & B) whereby hospital A used TcB and hospital B did not. A secondary aim was to determine the clinical factors that led to(More)
BACKGROUND Monoclonal antibodies are attractive agents for noninvasive localization of various cardiovascular disorders. Because proliferating intimal smooth muscle cells are important components of atherosclerotic lesions, radiolabeled antibody Z2D3 specific for proliferating smooth muscle cells has been used for immunoscintigraphic localization of(More)