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A preliminary study was conducted to examine the nature and extent of urban-rural differences in self-reported drinking and driving among youths in Western Australia. A total of 102 youths aged 17, 18 and 19 years were surveyed via a random street sampling technique about their alcohol consumption and drink-driving behaviour. Analyses indicated that urban(More)
In a study of the effects of a short-term environmental intervention, alterations were made in furniture arrangements in ward dayrooms in a maximum-security hospital in the United Kingdom. Over two 14-day periods, group seating patterns were introduced each day, in conjunction with leisure-time resources such as cards and games, to promote improvements in(More)
This study investigated the pattern and frequency of telephone use by people with a profound or severe hearing impairment. The main purpose was to assess the benefits of text telecommunication for making calls by typing rather than speaking and listening. Data on 169 adults were obtained by personal interview. The sample was stratified between subscribers(More)
Data from a survey of U.K. agencies are presented. Trends in service provision for drinking offenders are reported, in the context of two previous surveys. National development of service provision is examined, since the original survey, reported in 1982. Findings from the survey have suggested that the field has become stagnant, due to a failure to merge(More)
The progress of the initial group of one hundred clients was monitored following referral to a joint-funded assessment unit for "confused" elderly people. Data was collected on allocation and subsequent usage of a range of services available within the new system; comparisons with the prior establishment of specialist service systems for elderly persons is(More)
Current service provision for offenders through Alcohol Education Courses (AECs) was examined. Information from fifty-five British agencies was collected, showing differences between AECs offered with respect to clients, teaching components and evaluation. More agencies now collect post-intervention follow-up data on clients' drinking/offending behaviour.(More)
Twenty British agencies completed a questionnaire which requested information about Alcohol Education Courses for young offenders. Descriptive statistics were collected about differences between AECs with respect to clients, courses and evaluation. The paper shows that no controlled evaluations of the effectiveness of AECs have yet been completed. A further(More)
Offenders have been identified as heavy drinkers who admit to a relationship between drinking and offending. Many prisoners express a desire to reduce their alcohol consumption. The extent of alcohol interventions in U.K. prisons was unknown and so a postal survey was conducted to gather basic information about current work. Of all responding(More)
The purpose of this position paper is to examine ethical situations involving nurses, and provide suggestions about how to work through ethical problems they may encounter. Ethics in the nursing profession is ubiquitous. Nurses need to be aware of the provided codes so any ambiguity regarding ethical dilemmas can be resolved. Ethical situations which call(More)