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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, abundant, noncoding RNAs that modulate protein abundance by interfering with target mRNA translation or stability. miRNAs are detected in organisms from all domains and may regulate 30% of transcripts in vertebrates. Understanding miRNA function requires a detailed determination of expression, yet this has not been reported in(More)
We report the characterization of Gsh-1, a novel murine homeobox gene. Northern blot analysis revealed a transcript of approximately 2 kb in size present at embryonic days 10.5, 11.5, and 12.5 of development. The cDNA sequence encoded a proline rich motif, a polyalanine tract, and a homeodomain with strong homology to those encoded by the clustered Hox(More)
We present an initial characterization of the murine Gsh-4 gene which is shown to encode a LIM-type homeodomain. Genes in this category are known to control late developmental cell-type specification events in simpler organisms. Whole mount and serial section in situ hybridizations show transient Gsh-4 expression in ventrolateral regions of the developing(More)
The CFTR null mouse [cystic fibrosis (CF) mouse] has a severe intestinal phenotype that serves as a model for CF-related growth deficiency, meconium ileus, and distal intestinal obstructive syndrome. DNA microarray analysis was used to investigate gene expression in the CF mouse small intestine. Sixty-one genes exhibited a statistically significant twofold(More)
Streptococcus pyogenes expresses the LPXTG motif-containing cell envelope serine protease SpyCep (also called ScpC, PrtS) that degrades and inactivates the major chemoattractant interleukin 8 (IL-8), thereby impairing host neutrophil recruitment. In this study, we identified a novel function of SpyCep: the ability to mediate uptake into primary human(More)
OBJECTIVE To report novel disease and pathology due to HSPB8 mutations in 2 families with autosomal dominant distal neuromuscular disease showing both myofibrillar and rimmed vacuolar myopathy together with neurogenic changes. METHODS We performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) in tandem with linkage analysis and candidate gene approach as well as targeted(More)
The genus Rickettsia (Alphaproteobacteria, Rickettsiales, Rickettsiaceae) is comprised of obligate intracellular parasites, with virulent species of interest both as causes of emerging infectious diseases and for their potential deployment as bioterrorism agents. Currently, there are no effective commercially available vaccines, with treatment limited(More)
In Drosophila a number of genes important in establishing segmentation patterns and in determining segment identities have been shown to carry the homeobox sequence. Over 30 murine homeobox genes have been cloned, many on the basis of sequence homology to Drosophila prototypes. Here we report the cloning and sequencing of 10 new and 6 previously known(More)
Genetic ablation techniques were used to study the role of the lens in mammalian eye development. Ablation was accomplished by microinjecting murine eggs with chimeric DNA constructs in which the alpha A-crystallin gene regulatory sequence (-366 to +46) was fused to the highly cytotoxic diphtheria toxin gene coding sequence. For genetic ablation to be(More)
Rickettsia typhi, the causative agent of murine (endemic) typhus, is an obligate intracellular pathogen with a life cycle involving both vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. In this study, we characterized a gene (RT0218) encoding a C-terminal ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein, named Rickettsia ankyrin repeat protein 1 (RARP-1), and identified it as a(More)