Simonetta Vannucchi

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Intercellular glycosaminoglycans have been isolated from normal and neoplastic mammalian tissues. They have been characterized by cellulose acetate electrophoresis and by chemical and enzymatic degradation. The electrophoretic pattern of the intercellular glycosaminoglycans is tissue specific. Furthermore, the electrophoretic patterns of all spontaneous(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying the ability of heparin to enhance the platelet-aggregating effect of various agonists were studied. Heparin potentiates the aggregating effect of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and epinephrine, but it is uneffective on the aggregation induced by ristocetin and collagen. Heparin inhibits aggregation induced by thrombin in the(More)
The binding of the basement-membrane glycoprotein laminin to glycosaminoglycans (aggregating and non-aggregating subsets of heparan sulphates and dermatan sulphates, as well as heparin, chondroitin sulphates and hyaluronic acid) was studied by affinity chromatography. Partially periodate-oxidized chains of glycosaminoglycans were coupled to adipic acid(More)
Resting 3T3 cells have relatively more sulphated glycosaminoglycans and Ca2+ in their cell coat than do growing or SV40-virus-transformed cells. It is suggested that the different Ca2+-binding capacity controls cellular activities by affecting the distribution of Ca2+ between the intra- and ecto-cellular compartments.
The intracellular and extracellular glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of peripheral leukocytes in normal subjects and leukemic patients were characterized by electrophoresis and enzyme sensitivity. Normal peripheral granulocytes (PMN) are very rich in trypsin removable surface GAGs, while none are present on the surface of leukemic cells in acute myeloid leukemia.(More)
In clinical practice heparin has to be administered by injection with obvious disadvantages; thus, transdermal delivery by electrically assisted methods have been studied. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of a Food and Drug Administration-approved pulsed current iontophoresis system in delivering heparin through living rat skin. Fluorescent and(More)
The changes of cell coat and endocellular glycosaminoglycans associated with adhesion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes to tissue culture dishes were studied by electrophoresis on cellulose acetate. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes are coated by chondroitin 4 sulphate, while undersulphated chondroitin 4 sulphate and heparan sulphate are present in the cytoplasm.(More)
BACKGROUND Glycosaminoglycans are found in human tissues including plasma. They encompass chondroitin sulphates, heparan sulphate/heparin, hyaluronic acid, and keratan sulphate. Glycosaminoglycans, in particular heparan sulphate and heparin, are strongly associated with plasma proteins, so that their purification results quite difficult. METHODS In order(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAG's) were released by trypsin from the surface of cultured mouse cells (3T3) in two different growing states: during log-growth phase and during resting due to serum starvation. Doubly labelled molecules from resting cells were compared with those from growing as well as from trnsformed cells. Reproducible differences in the elution(More)