Simonetta Tagliavini

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In the tail suspension test (an animal model of depression) the duration of immobility during the 6 min of observation was 56.84 +/- 6.54 sec in sham-ovariectomized mice and 113.11 +/- 7.86 sec 30-32 days after ovariectomy. Estradiol (10, 100 or 1,000 micrograms/kg) and progesterone (50, 1,000 or 10,000 micrograms/kg), subcutaneously injected daily 4 times(More)
In a rat model of volume-controlled hemorrhagic shock causing the death of all saline-treated animals within 30 min of treatment, the intravenous bolus injection of thyrotropin- releasing hormone tartrate (TRH-T) at the dose of 4 mg/kg induced the prompt and sustained disappearance of the ECG and EEG signs of heart and brain ischemia, along with the(More)
Four times daily from postnatal day 1 to 15, rats were stressed either by being removed from the maternity cage (manipulation stress, MS) or by being placed on a hotplate at 55 degrees C (pain stress, PS). When 70 days old, they were examined for sensitivity to pain and to the analgesic effect of morphine, and for brain opiate receptors. Pain sensitivity of(More)
In the behavioral despair (forced swimming) test and in the tail-suspension test, long-term (30-32 days) castration significantly increased the duration of immobility in mice. Testosterone propionate (1 or 10 mg.kg-1.day sc for 4 days), although not affecting the duration of immobility in sham-operated mice, reduced the duration of immobility in castrated(More)
The ability of ACTH-(1-24) to prolong survival and to extend the deadline for effective blood reinfusion has been studied in a model of lethal hypovolemic shock in the rat. Anesthetized rats were bled to a mean arterial pressure of 18 to 25 mm Hg and then subjected to one of the following iv treatments: a) saline; b) ACTH-(1-24), 160 micrograms/kg; c) blood(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic hepatitis C is the main cause of death in patients with end-stage liver disease. Prognosis depends on the increase of fibrosis, whose progression is twice as rapid in men as in women. Aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of reproductive stage on fibrosis severity in women and to compare these findings with age-matched men. (More)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) and choriogonadotropin (hCG) are glycoprotein hormones regulating ovarian function and pregnancy, respectively. Since these molecules act on the same receptor (LHCGR), they were traditionally assumed as equivalent in assisted reproduction techniques (ART), although differences between LH and hCG were demonstrated at molecular and(More)
In a rat model of hemorrhagic shock which caused the death of all control rats within 30 min, i.v. injection of the ganglion-stimulating drug dimethylphenylpiperazinium (DMPP) caused a dose-dependent reversal of the shock condition--without the need for reinfusion of the shed blood--starting from the dose of 4 ng/kg i.v. Shock reversal was associated with(More)
Cholinergic mechanisms are currently thought to play an essential role in blood pressure homeostasis. Here we show that, in urethane-anaesthetized rats bled to severe hemorrhagic shock, the i.v. administration of nicotine 0.2-50 micrograms/kg causes a prompt, sustained and dose-dependent improvement in cardiovascular and respiratory functions, the animals'(More)
1. In an experimental model of haemorrhagic shock resulting in the death of all rats within 20-30 min, the intravenous (i.v.) injection of the tertiary amine cholinesterase inhibitor physostigmine (17-70 micrograms kg-1) induced a prompt, sustained and dose-dependent improvement of cardiovascular and respiratory function, with marked increase in the volume(More)