Simonetta Tagliavini

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In the tail suspension test (an animal model of depression) the duration of immobility during the 6 min of observation was 56.84 +/- 6.54 sec in sham-ovariectomized mice and 113.11 +/- 7.86 sec 30-32 days after ovariectomy. Estradiol (10, 100 or 1,000 micrograms/kg) and progesterone (50, 1,000 or 10,000 micrograms/kg), subcutaneously injected daily 4 times(More)
In the behavioral despair (forced swimming) test and in the tail-suspension test, long-term (30-32 days) castration significantly increased the duration of immobility in mice. Testosterone propionate (1 or 10 sc for 4 days), although not affecting the duration of immobility in sham-operated mice, reduced the duration of immobility in castrated(More)
Four times daily from postnatal day 1 to 15, rats were stressed either by being removed from the maternity cage (manipulation stress, MS) or by being placed on a hotplate at 55 degrees C (pain stress, PS). When 70 days old, they were examined for sensitivity to pain and to the analgesic effect of morphine, and for brain opiate receptors. Pain sensitivity of(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic hepatitis C is the main cause of death in patients with end-stage liver disease. Prognosis depends on the increase of fibrosis, whose progression is twice as rapid in men as in women. Aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of reproductive stage on fibrosis severity in women and to compare these findings with age-matched men. (More)
Long-term (33-35 days) castration caused a significant increase in the duration of immobility of male and female mice in the tail suspension test (an animal model of depression), and a significant decrease in the maximum number (Bmax) of [3H]imipramine binding sites in the cerebral cortex of male mice. In the tail suspension test, gonadotropin-releasing(More)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) and choriogonadotropin (hCG) are glycoprotein hormones regulating ovarian function and pregnancy, respectively. Since these molecules act on the same receptor (LHCGR), they were traditionally assumed as equivalent in assisted reproduction techniques (ART), although differences between LH and hCG were demonstrated at molecular and(More)
BACKGROUND Human luteinizing hormone (LH) and chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are glycoprotein hormones regulating development and reproductive functions by acting on the same receptor (LHCGR). We compared the LH and hCG activity in gonadal cells from male mouse in vitro, i.e. primary Leydig cells, which is a common tool used for gonadotropin bioassay. Murine(More)
A volume-controlled hemorrhagic shock was produced in anesthetized rats by intermittent bleeding from an iliac vein over a period of 20-30 min, until the carotid mean arterial pressure (MAP) stabilized around 20-24 mmHg. In this condition, which caused the death of all saline-treated animals within 25-30 min, the intravenous (i.v.) bolus injection of the(More)
In anesthetized rats, massive bleeding to a severe condition of hemorrhagic shock (invariably leading to death within 30 min) was obviously associated with a dramatic decrease in tissue blood flow and with profound modifications of several blood parameters leading to metabolic acidosis: decrease in arterial and venous pH, bicarbonate and BE, decrease in(More)