Simonetta Scalvini

Learn More
BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure (CHF) remains a common cause of disability, death and hospital admission. Several investigations support the usefulness of programs of disease management for improving clinical outcomes. However, the effect of home-based telemanagement programs on the rate of hospital readmission is still unclear and the cost-effectiveness(More)
1) To compare the clinical usefulness of both non-invasive pressure support ventilation (NPSV) and non-invasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation in assist-control (A/C) mode (NIPPV) in chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD) patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure: 2) to compare retrospectively the usefulness of non-invasive mechanical(More)
Chronic respiratory patients requiring oxygen or home mechanical ventilation experience frequent exacerbations and hospitalisations with related costs. Strict monitoring and care have been recommended. The aim of the present study was to primarily evaluate reduction in hospitalisations and, secondly, exacerbations, general practitioner (GP) calls and(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) remains a common cause of disability. We have investigated the use of home-based telecardiology (HBT) in CHF patients. Four hundred and twenty-six patients were enrolled in the study: 230 in the HBT group and 196 in the usual-care group. HBT consisted of trans-telephonic follow-up and electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring, followed(More)
We evaluated the feasibility of a home-based rehabilitation programme, which was designed to resemble an in-hospital rehabilitation programme. Patients who underwent cardiac surgery (EuroSCORE 0-10) followed a one-month home rehabilitation programme supervised by a nurse-tutor and a physiotherapist. Physiotherapy was performed at home with calisthenic(More)
To evaluate possible autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the absence of any hypoxic neuronal damage, we studied 31 patients with COPD patients aged 31 to 68 years (55 +/- 10) and 32 age-matched healthy subjects (control). Respiratory function in the patients was as follows: FEV1 = 52(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise rehabilitation after cardiac surgery has beneficial effects, especially on a long-term basis. Rehabilitative programs with telemedicine plus appropriate technology might satisfy the needs of performing rehabilitation at home. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare exercise capacity after home-based cardiac rehabilitation(More)
We retrospectively evaluated the clinical effectiveness of a treatment schedule with intermittent positive pressure ventilation via nasal mask in 49 patients with acute exacerbations of COLD. According to the ability to successfully tolerate a preliminary trial with NIPPV, patients were submitted either to standard treatment plus NIPPV (25 patients) or to(More)
We assessed the feasibility of home-based telecardiology for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Seventy-four CHF patients were enrolled into a programme of telephone follow-up and single-lead electrocardiography (ECG) monitoring. The patients transmitted their ECG data by fixed telephone line to a receiving station, where a nurse was available for(More)
We assessed the feasibility of telemedicine for home monitoring of 45 patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) discharged from hospital. The patients transmitted pulsed arterial saturation (pSat) data via a telephone modem to a receiving station where a nurse was available for a teleconsultation. A respiratory physician was also available. Scheduled(More)