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We retrospectively evaluated the clinical effectiveness of a treatment schedule with intermittent positive pressure ventilation via nasal mask in 49 patients with acute exacerbations of COLD. According to the ability to successfully tolerate a preliminary trial with NIPPV, patients were submitted either to standard treatment plus NIPPV (25 patients) or to(More)
Chronic respiratory patients requiring oxygen or home mechanical ventilation experience frequent exacerbations and hospitalisations with related costs. Strict monitoring and care have been recommended. The aim of the present study was to primarily evaluate reduction in hospitalisations and, secondly, exacerbations, general practitioner (GP) calls and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure (CHF) remains a common cause of disability, death and hospital admission. Several investigations support the usefulness of programs of disease management for improving clinical outcomes. However, the effect of home-based telemanagement programs on the rate of hospital readmission is still unclear and the cost-effectiveness(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) remains a common cause of disability. We have investigated the use of home-based telecardiology (HBT) in CHF patients. Four hundred and twenty-six patients were enrolled in the study: 230 in the HBT group and 196 in the usual-care group. HBT consisted of trans-telephonic follow-up and electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring, followed(More)
The current health-care infrastructure is generally considered to be inadequate to meet the needs of an increasingly older population. We have investigated the feasibility of a passive in-home monitoring system based on wireless accessible sensor populations (WASP). In an EU-funded project we have identified the system architecture and the sensors required(More)
A group of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) were followed by general practitioners (GPs) with a telecardiology system, and a second group of patients were followed by a home-based telemonitoring (HBT) protocol with medical and nursing supervision. The 212 GP patients were older than the 226 HBT patients, mostly women, with CHF secondary to chronic(More)
From 1969 to 1973, 68 patients were admitted to the 4th Division of Medicine of the Brescia Civil Hospital with the diagnosis of viral myocarditis. The patients were divided into two groups according to the results of the Coxsackie virus complement fixing antibodies test: Group 1 (42 patients) with a fourfold or greater rising antibody titre; Group 2 (26(More)
We evaluated the feasibility of a home-based rehabilitation programme, which was designed to resemble an in-hospital rehabilitation programme. Patients who underwent cardiac surgery (EuroSCORE 0-10) followed a one-month home rehabilitation programme supervised by a nurse-tutor and a physiotherapist. Physiotherapy was performed at home with calisthenic(More)
Autonomic dysfunction seems to be involved in the progression and prognosis of congestive heart failure. Measurement of heart rate variability (HRV) provides a noninvasive method to obtain reliable and reproducible information on autonomic modulation of heart rate, but there is a difficulty in using HRV as a quantitative estimate of autonomic dysfunction in(More)
Chronic hypoxaemia can play a pathological role in abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic hypoxaemia is associated with increased mortality and only long-term oxygen therapy is able to improve their survival. Normoxaemic COPD patients have been shown to suffer from(More)