Simonetta Salemi

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Twenty-eight patients with low-moderate, stable rheumatoid arthritis (RA), under treatment with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha blockers, were immunized at least once with non-adjuvanted trivalent influenza vaccine during three consecutive influenza seasons. Antibodies toward A influenza antigens significantly increased and reached protective levels,(More)
Infections which complicate rheumatic diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Spondyloarthropathy (SpA) (Psoriatic Arthritis [PA] and Ankylosing Spondylitis [AS]), may cause significant morbidity and mortality. However, among the studies on the incidence rate (IR) of infections in such patients, very few have involved controls and the results have(More)
Autoimmune reactions to vaccinations may rarely be induced in predisposed individuals by molecular mimicry or bystander activation mechanisms. Autoimmune reactions reliably considered vaccine-associated, include Guillain-Barré syndrome after 1976 swine influenza vaccine, immune thrombocytopenic purpura after measles/mumps/rubella vaccine, and(More)
The immunological correlates of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-induced suppression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication have been investigated. 20 HIV-1-infected patients with mean CD4+ T cell count of 298/microl, plasma viral load of 4.7 log10 copies/ml and naive for protease inhibitors (PI) were studied during12 months(More)
Biologic drugs for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have revolutionized the therapeutic armamentarium with the development of several novel monoclonal antibodies, which include murine, chimeric, humanized, fully human antibodies and fusion proteins. These biologics bind to their targets with high affinity and specificity. Since 1998, nine(More)
Systemic inflammatory rheumatic diseases are associated with an increased risk of malignancy, in particular of lymphoproliferative disorders. Chronic inflammation, due to the disease itself, generates a microenvironment able to promote cancer development, but it is still controversial whether immunosuppressive therapy may contribute to carcinogenesis. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a comprehensive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol as noninvasive diagnostic modality for simultaneous detection of parenchymal, biliary, and vascular complications after liver transplantation. METHODS Fifty-two liver transplant recipients suspected to have parenchymal, biliary, and (or) vascular complications underwent our(More)
Vaccinations have been traditionally considered a risk factor for the induction/reactivation of autoimmune diseases. A Medline search through key words "vaccinations and autoimmune diseases" from 1947 through December 2009 was conducted. Until now, vaccination effects in autoimmune diseases have only been studied in over 5000 patients. Vaccinations(More)
T cells are made tolerant only to those self-peptides that are presented in sufficient amounts by antigen-presenting cells. They ignore cryptic self-determinants, such as either those not generated by processing machinery or generated in insufficient amounts. It is anticipated that mechanisms that either change antigen processing or increase the yield of(More)
To retrospectively evaluate safety and efficacy of long-term treatment with Cyclosporine A (CSA) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) poorly responsive to treatment with corticosteroids (CCS) and/or conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), SLE patients who had received CSA-based induction and maintenance regimens(More)